Title: Pathways of behavioural and emotional symptoms in kindergarten children: what is the role of pro-social behaviour?
Authors : Perren, Sonja
Stadelmann, Stephanie
von Wyl, Agnes
von Klitzing, Kai
Published in : European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry: official journal of the European Society for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume(Issue) : 16
Issue : 4
Pages : 209
Pages to: 214
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Springer
Issue Date: Jun-2007
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Kindergarten age; Behavioural/emotional symptom; Pro-social behaviour; Multi-informant data
Subject (DDC) : 158: Applied psychology
616.89: Mental disorders, clinical psychology and psychiatry
618.92: Pediatrics
Abstract: The study investigated the predictive value of pro-social behaviour for developmental pathways of behavioural and emotional problems at kindergarten age. One hundred and sixty children participated in the study at the ages of 5 and 6. Teachers and parents completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; children completed the Berkeley Puppet Interview at both assessment points. Single-informant data were aggregated to enhance the reliability and validity of data. Gender and parental educational status were controlled. Symptoms (conduct problems, hyperactivity and emotional symptoms) and pro-social behaviour were moderately stable over time. Compared to girls, boys showed higher levels and increases of conduct problems and hyperactivity and lower levels of pro-social behaviour. Lower parental educational level was associated with higher levels and increases in hyperactivity. Although pro-social behaviour was cross-sectionally associated with behavioural and emotional symptoms, pro-social behaviour did not predict changes in conduct problems or hyperactivity over time. However, children with above average emotional symptoms and above average pro-social behaviour at Age_5 showed the highest level of emotional symptoms at Age_6. The results indicate that low levels of pro-social behaviour are associated with children’s externalising behaviour problems, but that for children with high levels of emotional symptoms, higher levels of pro-social behaviour should also be considered as a risk factor. In sum, our results suggest mainly homotypic pathways of internalising and externalising symptoms across kindergarten age, but indicate that the assessment of pro-social behaviour yields additional information regarding the developmental pathways of emotional symptoms.
Departement: Angewandte Psychologie
Organisational Unit: Psychological Institute (PI)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1007/s00787-006-0588-6
ISSN: 1018-8827
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/3988
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie

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