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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Sinusoidal small-signal (AC) and steady-state (DC) analysis of large-area solar cells
Authors: Comi, Ennio
Knapp, Evelyne
Weidmann, Stefano
Kirsch, Christoph
Jenatsch, Sandra
Hiestand, Roman
Ruhstaller, Beat
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1016/j.seja.2021.100003
Published in: Solar Energy Advances
Volume(Issue): 1
Issue: 100003
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Elsevier
ISSN: 2667-1131
Language: English
Subjects: Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS); Large-area device simulation; Device characterization; Finite element method (FEM); Silicon solar cell
Subject (DDC): 621.3: Electrical, communications, control engineering
Abstract: Beside fabrication challenges, efficiency loss factors of solar cells such as shunts and an increasing series resistance caused by the sheet resistance of the electrodes, are issues to be tackled when scaling novel photovoltaic devices up from laboratory to industrial size. We present a FEM (Finite Element Method) software that supports the upscaling process from small- to large-area devices. Considering Ohm’s law in the top and bottom electrodes, which are coupled by a vertical current, the software solves for the electric potential distribution in the 2D electrode domains. In addition to steady-state simulations, we introduce a small-signal analysis that allows us to compute the influence of resistive electrodes and defects on the frequency-dependent impedance response. Herein, we describe the implemented numerical model for the AC (alternating current) mode. The steady-state model was validated with measurements using monocrystalline silicon solar cells of several sizes and one cell was intentionally shunted with a laser to demonstrate the fingerprints of these defects in the DC (direct current) and AC response. In a further step, we verify the numerical simulation of the AC model with an analytical solution to a one-dimensional AC model for a simplistic quadratic domain and linearized coupling law. Overall, the presented AC model is able to reproduce and predict the behavior of the measurements of the original and later shunted silicon solar cell. Thereby we have demonstrated that the presented AC model is a powerful tool to study devices in the frequency domain which complements characterization in steady-state.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International
Departement: School of Engineering
Organisational Unit: Institute of Computational Physics (ICP)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Engineering

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