Title: Association between childhood maltreatment and normal adult personality traits : exploration of an understudied field
Authors : Hengartner, Michael Pascal
Cohen, Lisa J.
Rodgers, Stephanie
Müller, Mario
Rössler, Wulf
Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta
Published in : Journal of Personality Disorders
Volume(Issue) : 29
Issue : 1
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Guilford
Issue Date: 2015
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Adult; Adult Survivors of Child Abuse; Anxiety Disorders; Child; Child Abuse; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Neuropsychological Tests; Neuroticism; Personality Disorders; Retrospective Studies; Surveys and Questionnaires; Switzerland; Personality
Subject (DDC) : 155: Differential and developmental psychology
Abstract: We assessed normal personality traits and childhood trauma in approximately 1170 subjects from a general population-based community sample. In bivariate analyses emotional abuse was most pervasively related to personality, showing significant detrimental associations with neuroticism, extraversion, openness, conscientiousness, and agreeableness. Neuroticism was significantly related to emotional abuse and neglect, physical abuse and neglect, and sexual abuse. Emotional abuse was related to neuroticism in men more profoundly than in women (β = 0.095). Adjusting for the covariance between childhood maltreatment variables, neuroticism was mainly related to emotional abuse (β = 0.193), extraversion to emotional neglect (β = -0.259), openness to emotional abuse (β = 0.175), conscientiousness to emotional abuse (β = -0.110), and agreeableness to emotional neglect (β = -0.153). The proportion of variance explained was highest in neuroticism (5.6%) and lowest in openness (1.9%) and conscientiousness (1.8%). These findings help to understand the complex association between childhood maltreatment and both normal and pathological personality.
Departement: Applied Psychology
Organisational Unit: Psychological Institute (PI)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1521/pedi_2014_28_143
ISSN: 0885-579X
1943-2763
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/15122
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie

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