Title: Finding and Analysing Social Hotspots in a Global Food Value Chain as a Basis for Livelihood Improvement
Authors : Trachsel, Sonja
Jaisli, Isabel
Schmitt, Emilia
Proceedings: 13th European IFSA Symposium, 1-5 July 2018, Chania (Greece)
Pages : 1
Pages to: 18
Conference details: 13th European IFSA Symposium, Chania, Greece, 1-5 July 2018
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2018
License (according to publishing contract) : Not specified
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Result chain; Global food value chains; Social impact; Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
Subject (DDC) : 338: Production
Abstract: Globalisation of food trade leads to various impacts on the economy, the environment, and society. Countries like Brazil that have expanded their agricultural trade and have become net agricultural exporters are particularly affected. Social impacts of agri-economic growth are often less obvious and difficult to generalize as both positive and negative impacts on social inclusion, such as income distribution, access to resources and markets, or food security have been shown. Therefore, we complement global food value chain analysis between Brazil and Switzerland by further knowledge on how it affects the livelihoods of different chain actors’ households. By a global value chain analysis, social hotspots including their affected actors in the food value chain are detected. The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework helps to find out how global food value chains impact those actors’ livelihoods. In order to develop measurements to improve the investigated livelihoods, the insights from the global value chain analysis and the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework analysis are taken to develop cause-effect hypotheses or so-called result chains. Thus, the article focuses on the following questions: • How can social impacts of global food value chains on households’ livelihoods be analysed? • How can a global food value chain approach and the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework be combined? • Which indicators can be used to analyse social impact of a global food value chain on household’s livelihood? • How can result chains be developed in order to propose measurements for livelihood improvements? The article presents an attempt to combine the three approaches, global value chain analysis, the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework and result chains into a new “Value Chains for Livelihoods” (FC4L) –Framework. This Framework is applied to the example of frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ), which is produced in Brazil and consumed in Switzerland. By an initial global value chain analysis the pickers are identified as actors that are especially exposed to social risks as they suffer from severe employment conditions. In order to investigate their livelihoods a set of indicators from the “Oxfam Poverty Footprint” is brought in. Based on the insights from the global value chain and livelihood analysis, a tentative measurement to improve the pickers’ livelihoods is developed. These measurements’ possible impact is made plausible by result chains. The combination of the frameworks in the case study suggests a comprehensive research design to analyse social impact on chain actors’ livelihoods, to develop measurements for livelihood improvements and reveals further areas to be included in research.
Departement: Life Sciences und Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)
Publication type: Conference Paper
URI: http://www.ifsa2018.gr/uploads/attachments/171/Theme5_Trachsel.pdf
https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/9143
Published as part of the ZHAW project : TRANSFOOD: IMPROVING SUSTAINABILITY IMPACTS OF TRANSNATIONAL FOOD VALUE CHAINS
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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