Title: Asymmetric dihydroxylation of cinnamonitrile totrans-3-[(5S,6R)-5,6-dihydroxycyclohexa-1,3-dienyl]-acrylonitrile using chlorobenzene dioxygenase in Escherichia coli (pTEZ30)
Authors : Yildirim, Selçuk
Zezula, Josef
Hudlicky, Tomas
Witholt, Bernard
Schmid, Andreas
Published in : Advanced synthesis & catalysis
Volume(Issue) : 346
Issue : 8
Pages : 933
Pages to: 942
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Wiley
Issue Date: Aug-2004
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Language : English
Subject (DDC) : 660.6: Biotechnology
Abstract: Asymmetric cis‐dihydroxylations of aromatic compounds are catalyzed by bacterial dioxygenases. In order to prevent through conversion, either dihydrodiol dehydrogenase blocked mutant strains or recombinant bacterial cells are used as biocatalysts for synthetic purposes. We characterized the cis‐dihydroxylation of cinnamonitrile by chlorobenzene dioxygenase (CDO) in recombinant E. coli on different reaction scales. The absolute stereochemistry of the product was determined to be trans‐3‐[(5S,6R)‐5,6‐dihydroxycyclohexa‐1,3‐dienyl]‐acrylonitrile. The cells showed a maximum specific activity of 3.76 U/g cdw in shake‐flask experiments. Stable expression of the dioxygenase genes in E. coli JM101 (pTEZ30) resulted in increasing volumetric productivities. The maximum volumetric productivities of 80 and 92 mg product/L/h were achieved on 2‐L and 30‐L scales, respectively. The specific growth rate correlated with the volumetric productivity during the biotransformations. An average volumetric productivity of 40 mg product/L/h in reactors on 2‐L and 30‐L scales resulted in 0.96 and 16.4 g of isolated product at the end of the biotransformations. This points out the need for metabolically active cells and controllable expression systems for achieving high volumetric productivities for cofactor dependent biooxidations. We have now applied this concept for the asymmetric dihydroxylation of the non‐natural substrate cinnamonitrile using multicomponent CDO in tailored E. coli JM101 in long‐term reactions.
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation (ILGI)
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
DOI : 10.1002/adsc.200404032
ISSN: 1615-4150
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/7592
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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