Publication type: Conference other
Type of review: Peer review (abstract)
Title: Biochar from human waste : steps towards a new sanitation approach
Authors: Schönborn, Andreas
Bulant, Nicola
Conference details: 15th Annual Meeting of the American Ecological Engineering Society, Stillwater, 3-5 June 2015
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher / Ed. Institution: AEES
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Stillwater, Oklahoma
Language: German
Subject (DDC): 630: Agriculture
Abstract: Human waste is the source of 80-90% of the nutrients found in domestic wastewater, and can be a major path of pathogen  transmission if the wastewater is not treated adequately. Mixing human waste with other wastewater streams also increases the difficulty to reclaim the nutrients. It is therefore a main go al of ecological sanitation approaches to catch and treat human waste as close to the source as possible, and convert it into a safely reusable form. One possible solution is the direct conversion of human feces into biochar by using a pyrolytical process. An experimental pyrolysis batch reactor was developed and built in fall 2014, to pyrolyse human fecal matter from a composting toilet. Ten test runs were performed, five with wood chips and five with fecal matter from a composting toilet. The resulting biochar was analyzed on elemental composition by using X - Ray Fluorescent Spectroscopy. Water content was a major factor influencing energy demand of this process, and must be.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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