|Publication type:||Conference other|
|Type of review:||Peer review (abstract)|
|Title:||Biochar from human waste : steps towards a new sanitation approach|
|Conference details:||15th Annual Meeting of the American Ecological Engineering Society, Stillwater, 3-5 June 2015|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution:||AEES|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution:||Stillwater, Oklahoma|
|Subject (DDC):||630: Agriculture|
|Abstract:||Human waste is the source of 80-90% of the nutrients found in domestic wastewater, and can be a major path of pathogen transmission if the wastewater is not treated adequately. Mixing human waste with other wastewater streams also increases the difficulty to reclaim the nutrients. It is therefore a main go al of ecological sanitation approaches to catch and treat human waste as close to the source as possible, and convert it into a safely reusable form. One possible solution is the direct conversion of human feces into biochar by using a pyrolytical process. An experimental pyrolysis batch reactor was developed and built in fall 2014, to pyrolyse human fecal matter from a composting toilet. Ten test runs were performed, five with wood chips and five with fecal matter from a composting toilet. The resulting biochar was analyzed on elemental composition by using X - Ray Fluorescent Spectroscopy. Water content was a major factor influencing energy demand of this process, and must be.|
|Fulltext version:||Published version|
|License (according to publishing contract):||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Departement:||Life Sciences and Facility Management|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management|
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