Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Removal of rotavirus and adenovirus from artificial ground water using hydrochar derived from sewage sludge
Authors : Chung, Jae Wook
Foppen, Jan Willem
Gerner, Gabriel
Krebs, Rolf
Lens, Piet N. L.
DOI : 10.1111/jam.12863
Published in : Journal of Applied Microbiology
Volume(Issue) : 119
Issue : 3
Pages : 876
Pages to: 884
Issue Date: Sep-2015
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Wiley
ISSN: 1365-2672
Language : English
Subjects : Adenovirus; Hydrochar; Hydrothermal carbonization; Polymerase chain reaction; Rotavirus; Sand filter; Sewage sludge; Virus; Water treatment; Adenoviridae; Adsorption; Groundwater; Human; Humic substance; Sewage; Silicon Dioxide; Water Purification
Subject (DDC) : 660: Chemical engineering
Abstract: Aims: To determine the pathogenic virus removal performance of an adsorbent produced from hydrothermal carbonization of sewage sludge. Methods and Results: The removal of human pathogenic rotavirus and adenovirus was investigated with columns of 10 cm saturated sand with and without amendments of 1·5% (w/w) hydrochar. Virus concentrations were determined with reverse transcription (RT) quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The experiments with sand showed 1 log removal, while the columns with 1·5% (w/w) hydrochar amendment showed 2 to >3 log removal for both viruses. Deionized (DI) water flushing into the virus‐retaining columns revealed that the secondary energy minimum played a larger role in the attachment of rotavirus onto hydrochar surfaces than adenovirus. Improved virus removal may be attributed to the introduction of hydrophobic and/or meso‐macro surface structures of the hydrochar providing favourable attachment sites for viruses. Conclusions: Hydrochar amended sand beds showed improved virus removal efficiencies exceeding 99·6% corresponding to 2·4 log removal. The addition of humic acid in the influent did not hinder the adsorptive removal of viruses. Significance and Impact of the Study: This study suggests that hydrochar derived from sewage sludge can be used as an adsorbent for virus removal in water treatment.
Fulltext version : Published version
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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