Title: Associations between family relationships and symptoms/strengths at kindergarten age : what is the role of children's parental representations?
Authors : Stadelmann, Stephanie
Perren, Sonja
von Wyl, Agnes
von Klitzing, Kai
Published in : Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Volume(Issue) : 48
Issue : 10
Pages : 996
Pages to: 1004
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Wiley-Blackwell
Issue Date: Oct-2007
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Not specified
Language : English
Subjects : Kindergarten age; Parental representation; Play narrative; Family environment; Psychopathology; Symptom; Pro-social behaviour
Subject (DDC) : 155: Differential and developmental psychology
306: Culture
618.92: Pediatrics
Abstract: Background: The quality of the family relationships plays an important role in the development of children’s psychopathology and in their socio-emotional development. This longitudinal study aims to investigate whether family relationships are related to children’s symptoms/strengths at kindergarten, and whether family relationships are predictors of changes in children’s symptoms/strengths between 5 and 6. Our main interest is to examine the role of children’s parental representations. Methods: One hundred and fifty-three kindergarten children (67 girls, 86 boys) participated in this study. Children’s parental representations were assessed using a story stem task (age 5). The family environment was assessed using parents’ ratings (age 5). A multi-informant approach (parent, teacher, child) was employed to assess children’s symptoms/strengths at 5 and 6. Children were interviewed using a standardized puppet interview. Parents and teachers completed questionnaires. Results: Children’s parental representations as well as the family environment were associated with children’s symptoms/strengths at 5 and 6. When controlled for gender, children’s representations were the only predictor of changes in symptoms/strengths between 5 and 6. A large number of negative parental representations at 5 predicted an increase in conduct problems. A large number of positive parental representations at 5 predicted an increase in pro-social behaviour. In terms of emotional symptoms and hyperactivity/ inattention, symptoms at 5 were the only predictor for symptoms one year later. Conclusions: Our results suggest that kindergarten children’s narrative representations may elaborate the processes underlying the expression of child disturbance and strengths, and underline the relevance of the play and narration of young children for diagnostics and therapy.
Departement: Angewandte Psychologie
Organisational Unit: Psychological Institute (PI)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01813.x
ISSN: 0021-9630
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/4011
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie

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