|Title:||How early triadic family processes predict children’s strengths and difficulties at age three|
|Authors :||von Wyl, Agnes|
von Klitzing, Kai
|Published in :||European Journal of Developmental Psychology|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||Routledge|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Peer review (Publication)|
|Subject (DDC) :||155: Differential and developmental psychology |
305: Social groups
|Abstract:||This study aimed to determine longitudinal associations of early triadic family processes and 3-year-old children’s strengths and difficulties and to control those associations for family risk factors. In 80 families expecting their first child, we assessed parents’ anticipations of future family relationships (Triadic Capacity) and parents’ psychological distress, marital quality, and education level. When the children were 4 months of age, we observed triadic family interaction in a standardized laboratory play scenario. The children’s strengths and difficulties at age three were assessed using multiple methods. As expected, parents’ Triadic Capacity assessed before the child was born predicted triadic family interaction 4 months after birth. Early triadic family processes explained variance in children’s emotional functioning at age three over and above the effects of family stress factors assessed before the child was born. However, early triadic family processes did not explain children’s co-operative behaviour or children’s symptoms at age three. Results also highlighted the roles of fathers’ education level in children’s externalizing behaviour, mothers’ psychological distress at children’s low co-operative behaviour, and low marital quality in children’s internalizing behaviour.|
|Organisational Unit:||Psychological Institute (PI)|
|Publication type:||Article in scientific Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie|
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