Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Effects of sex and gender in ten types of psychotherapy
Authors: Staczan, Pia
Schmuecker, Roswitha
Koehler, Miriam
Berglar, Jessica
Crameri, Aureliano
von Wyl, Agnes
Koemeda-Lutz, Margit
Schulthess, Peter
Tschuschke, Volker
DOI: 10.1080/10503307.2015.1072285
Published in: Psychotherapy Research
Volume(Issue): 27
Issue: 1
Page(s): 74
Pages to: 88
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Routledge
ISSN: 1050-3307
Language: English
Subjects: Gender in psychotherapy; Sex of patient; Sex of therapist; Treatment adherence; Therapeutic alliance
Subject (DDC): 616.89: Mental disorders, clinical psychology and psychiatry
Abstract: Objective: This paper addresses the results of two samples of a large naturalistic (effectiveness study) outpatient process outcome study in Switzerland (Practice-Oriented Outpatient Psychotherapy Study). Ten different types of psychotherapy were investigated by looking at the role of the sex or gender of therapists and patients with regard to treatment outcome by including several nonspecific therapeutic factors. Method: Ten different types of psychotherapy, 237 patients, and 68 therapists were included in the study. A subsample of 116 cases was analyzed with regard to therapists’ technical interventions. Results: Sex and gender issues of both therapists and patients did not play a crucial role in any type of psychotherapy investigated. Gender issues appeared to play an indirect role. Female therapists intervene more empathically, whereas male therapists tend to use more confrontational techniques. Conclusions: Since the results show that therapists differ substantially with regard to their intervention techniques due to their sex, they should become more conscious of their interventions by considering patients’ severity of psychological problems and patients’ level of psychological functioning so as to not over or underchallenge them.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Applied Psychology
Organisational Unit: Psychological Institute (PI)
Published as part of the ZHAW project: Praxisstudie ambulante Psychotherapie (PAP-S)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie

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Staczan, P., Schmuecker, R., Koehler, M., Berglar, J., Crameri, A., von Wyl, A., Koemeda-Lutz, M., Schulthess, P., & Tschuschke, V. (2017). Effects of sex and gender in ten types of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research, 27(1), 74–88.
Staczan, P. et al. (2017) ‘Effects of sex and gender in ten types of psychotherapy’, Psychotherapy Research, 27(1), pp. 74–88. Available at:
P. Staczan et al., “Effects of sex and gender in ten types of psychotherapy,” Psychotherapy Research, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 74–88, 2017, doi: 10.1080/10503307.2015.1072285.
STACZAN, Pia, Roswitha SCHMUECKER, Miriam KOEHLER, Jessica BERGLAR, Aureliano CRAMERI, Agnes VON WYL, Margit KOEMEDA-LUTZ, Peter SCHULTHESS und Volker TSCHUSCHKE, 2017. Effects of sex and gender in ten types of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research. 2017. Bd. 27, Nr. 1, S. 74–88. DOI 10.1080/10503307.2015.1072285
Staczan, Pia, Roswitha Schmuecker, Miriam Koehler, Jessica Berglar, Aureliano Crameri, Agnes von Wyl, Margit Koemeda-Lutz, Peter Schulthess, and Volker Tschuschke. 2017. “Effects of Sex and Gender in Ten Types of Psychotherapy.” Psychotherapy Research 27 (1): 74–88.
Staczan, Pia, et al. “Effects of Sex and Gender in Ten Types of Psychotherapy.” Psychotherapy Research, vol. 27, no. 1, 2017, pp. 74–88,

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