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|Publication type:||Article in scientific journal|
|Type of review:||Peer review (publication)|
|Title:||Continuous integration and delivery practices for cyber-physical systems : an interview-based study|
Tamburri, Damian A.
Penta, Massimiliano Di
|Published in:||ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution:||Association for Computing Machinery|
|Subjects:||Empirical software engineering; Continuous integration and delivery; Cyber-physical system|
|Subject (DDC):||005: Computer programming, programs and data|
|Abstract:||Continuous Integration and Delivery (CI/CD) practices have shown several benefits for software development and operations, e.g., faster release cycles and early discovery of defects. For Cyber-Physical System (CPS) development, CI/CD can help achieving required goals, such as high dependability, yet it may be challenging to apply. This paper empirically investigates challenges, barriers, and their mitigation occurring when applying CI/CD practices to develop CPSs in 10 organizations working in 8 different domains. The study has been conducted through semi-structured interviews, by applying an open card sorting procedure together with a member-checking survey within the same organizations, and by validating the results through a further survey involving 55 professional developers. The study reveals several peculiarities in the application of CI/CD to CPSs. These include the need for (i) combining continuous and periodic builds, while balancing the use of Hardware-in-the-Loop (HiL) and simulators; (ii) coping with difficulties in software deployment (iii) accounting for simulators and HiL differing in their behavior; and (vi) combining hardware/software expertise in the development team. Our findings open the road towards recommenders aimed at supporting the setting and evolution of CI/CD pipelines, as well as university curricula requiring interdisciplinarity, such as knowledge about hardware, software, and their interplay.|
|Fulltext version:||Accepted version|
|License (according to publishing contract):||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Departement:||School of Engineering|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Applied Information Technology (InIT)|
|Published as part of the ZHAW project:||COSMOS – DevOps for Complex Cyber-physical Systems of Systems|
|Appears in collections:||Publikationen School of Engineering|
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|2022_Zampetti_Continuous-integration-delivery-practices-cyber-physical-systems_ACM.pdf||Accepted Version||682.18 kB||Adobe PDF|
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Zampetti, F., Tamburri, D. A., Panichella, S., Panichella, A., Canfora, G., & Penta, M. D. (2022). Continuous integration and delivery practices for cyber-physical systems : an interview-based study. ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology. https://doi.org/10.1145/3571854
Zampetti, F. et al. (2022) ‘Continuous integration and delivery practices for cyber-physical systems : an interview-based study’, ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology [Preprint]. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1145/3571854.
F. Zampetti, D. A. Tamburri, S. Panichella, A. Panichella, G. Canfora, and M. D. Penta, “Continuous integration and delivery practices for cyber-physical systems : an interview-based study,” ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology, 2022, doi: 10.1145/3571854.
Zampetti, Fiorella, et al. “Continuous Integration and Delivery Practices for Cyber-Physical Systems : An Interview-Based Study.” ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1145/3571854.
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