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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Character strengths and fluid intelligence
Authors: Kretzschmar, André
Wagner, Lisa
Gander, Fabian
Hofmann, Jennifer
Proyer, René T.
Ruch, Willibald
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1111/jopy.12715
Published in: Journal of Personality
Volume(Issue): 90
Issue: 6
Page(s): 1057
Pages to: 1069
Issue Date: 18-Mar-2022
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Wiley
ISSN: 0022-3506
Language: English
Subjects: VIA-IS; VIA-Youth; Character strengths; Cognitive ability; Validity
Subject (DDC): 155: Differential and developmental psychology
Abstract: Objective: Research on the associations between cognitive and noncognitive personality traits has widely neglected character strengths, that means positively and morally valued personality traits that constitute good character. Method: The present study aimed to bridge this gap by studying the associations between character strengths and fluid intelligence using different operationalizations of character strengths (including self- and informant-reports) and fluid intelligence in children, adolescents, and adults. Results: The results, based on four samples (N = 193/290/330/324), suggested that morally valued personality traits are independent of fluid intelligence, with the exception of love of learning, which showed small but robust positive relationships with fluid intelligence across all samples. Conclusions: Nonetheless, we argue for further research on the associations with other cognitive abilities and interactions between character strengths and intelligence when examining their relationships with external criteria.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: Applied Psychology
Organisational Unit: Psychological Institute (PI)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie

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Kretzschmar, A., Wagner, L., Gander, F., Hofmann, J., Proyer, R. T., & Ruch, W. (2022). Character strengths and fluid intelligence. Journal of Personality, 90(6), 1057–1069.
Kretzschmar, A. et al. (2022) ‘Character strengths and fluid intelligence’, Journal of Personality, 90(6), pp. 1057–1069. Available at:
A. Kretzschmar, L. Wagner, F. Gander, J. Hofmann, R. T. Proyer, and W. Ruch, “Character strengths and fluid intelligence,” Journal of Personality, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 1057–1069, Mar. 2022, doi: 10.1111/jopy.12715.
KRETZSCHMAR, André, Lisa WAGNER, Fabian GANDER, Jennifer HOFMANN, René T. PROYER und Willibald RUCH, 2022. Character strengths and fluid intelligence. Journal of Personality. 18 März 2022. Bd. 90, Nr. 6, S. 1057–1069. DOI 10.1111/jopy.12715
Kretzschmar, André, Lisa Wagner, Fabian Gander, Jennifer Hofmann, René T. Proyer, and Willibald Ruch. 2022. “Character Strengths and Fluid Intelligence.” Journal of Personality 90 (6): 1057–69.
Kretzschmar, André, et al. “Character Strengths and Fluid Intelligence.” Journal of Personality, vol. 90, no. 6, Mar. 2022, pp. 1057–69,

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