|Title:||Assessing sub-clinical psychosis phenotypes in the general population : a multidimensional approach|
|Authors :||Rössler, Wulf|
Hengartner, Michael Pascal
|Published in :||Schizophrenia Research|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||Elsevier BV|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Peer review (Publication)|
|Subjects :||Sub-clinical psychosis; Psychotic-like experiences; Proneness to psychosis; Schizotypy; Epidemiology; Community sample; Risk factors|
|Subject (DDC) :||616.89: Mental disorders, clinical psychology and psychiatry|
|Abstract:||Several studies have demonstrated that expression of a psychosis phenotype can be observed below the threshold of its clinical detection. To date, however, no conceptual certainty has been reported for the validity and reliability of sub-clinical psychosis. Our main objectives were to assess the prevalence rates and severity of various psychosis symptoms in a representative community sample. Furthermore, we wanted to analyze which latent factors are depicted by several currently used psychosis questionnaires. We also examined how those latent factors for sub-clinical psychosis are linked to psychosocial factors, normal personality traits, and coping abilities related to chronic stress. Most of the eight subscales from the Paranoia Checklist and the Structured Interview for Assessing Perceptual Anomalies had a very similar type of distribution, i.e., an inverse Gaussian (Wald) distribution. This supported the notion of a continuity of psychotic symptoms, which we would expect to find for continuously distributed symptoms within the general population. Sub-clinical psychosis can be reduced to two different factors – one representing odd beliefs about the world and odd behavior, and the other one representing anomalous perceptions (such as hallucinations). Persons with odd beliefs and behavior are under greater burden and more susceptible to psychosocial risks than are persons with anomalous perceptions. These sub-clinical psychosis syndromes are also related to stable personality traits. In conclusion, we obtained strong support for the notion that there is no natural cut-off separating psychotic illness from good health. Sub-clinical psychosis of any kind is not trivial because it is associated with various types of social disability.|
|Publication type:||Article in scientific Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie|
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