Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.21256/zhaw-1587
Title: The detrimental impact of maladaptive personality on public mental health : a challenge for psychiatric practice
Authors : Hengartner, Michael Pascal
Published in : Frontiers in Psychiatry
Volume(Issue) : 6
Issue : 87
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Frontiers Research Foundation
Issue Date: Jun-2015
Language : Englisch / English
Subjects : Review; Personality; Epidemiology; Psychopathology; Psychiatric practice; Public health; Personality disorders; Nosology
Subject (DDC) : 155: Differentielle Psychologie und Entwicklungspsychologie
616.89: Psychische Störungen, klinische Psychologie, Psychiatrie
Abstract: Experts in personality psychology and personality disorders have long emphasized the pervasive and persistent detrimental impact of maladaptive personality traits on mental health and functioning. However, in routine psychiatric practice, maladaptive personality is readily ignored and personality traits are seldom incorporated into clinical guidelines. The aim of this narrative review is to outline how pervasively personality influences public mental health and how personality thereby challenges common psychiatric practice. A comprehensive search and synthesis of the scientific literature demonstrates that maladaptive personality traits and personality disorders, in particular high neuroticism and negative affectivity, first, are risk factors for divorce, unemployment, and disability pensioning; second, relate to the prevalence, incidence, and co-occurrence of common mental disorders; third, impair functioning, symptom remission, and recovery in co-occurring common mental disorders; and fourth, predispose to treatment resistance, non-response and poor treatment outcome. In conclusion, maladaptive personality is not only involved in the development and course of mental disorders but also predisposes to chronicity and re-occurrence of psychopathology and reduces the efficacy of psychiatric treatments. The pernicious impact of maladaptive personality on mental health and functioning demands that careful assessment and thorough consideration of personality should be compulsory in psychiatric practice.
Departement: Angewandte Psychologie
Publication type: Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift / Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00087
10.21256/zhaw-1587
ISSN: 1664-0640
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/2288
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie

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