Title: Dyspareunia in the context of psychopathology, personality traits, and coping resources : results from a prospective longitudinal cohort study from age 30 to 50
Authors : Leeners, Brigitte
Hengartner, Michael Pascal
Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta
Rössler, Wulf
Angst, Jules
Published in : Archives of Sexual Behavior
Volume(Issue) : 44
Issue : 6
Pages : 1551
Pages to: 1560
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Springer New York LLC
Issue Date: Aug-2015
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Female sexual dysfunction; Dyspareunia; Age; Psychopathology; Personality traits; Longitudinal development
Subject (DDC) : 616.89: Mental disorders, clinical psychology and psychiatry
618: Gynecology, obstetrics and midwifery
Abstract: Although dyspareunia has a major impact on sexual and general wellbeing, there are few data on the longitudinal development of its prevalence in representative study groups. Therefore, it was the aim of the present study to fill this gap by evaluating the prevalence of dyspareunia in a representative sample at age 30, 35, 41, and 50. Additional aims were to determine the association between dyspareunia, psychopathological covariates, personality characteristics, and coping resources. Semi-structured interviews with single-item questions on sexual problems in general as well as dyspareunia were used to gain information on 1-year as well as long-time prevalence rates. Psychopathological covariates were explored with the SCL-90-R. The Freiburger Personality Inventory (Freiburger Persönlichkeits Inventar, FPI) assessed personality characteristics. Scales of sense of mastery and self-esteem were used to investigate coping resources. Twelve months prevalence of dyspareunia varied between 4.5 and 6.4 % with a mean of 5.6 % and a long-time risk of 19.3 %. No relation between age and the prevalence rates was found. Dyspareunia was related to psychopathological covariates, especially depression. With respect to personality traits as measured with the FPI only nervousness showed a significant association with dyspareunia, whereas coping resources were unrelated. As dyspareunia is experienced by about 20 % of all women, it represents a frequent sexual problem. Therefore, assessment of dyspareunia should be integrated into primary care of women at any age and diagnostic as well as therapeutic strategies should be based on physiological and psychological factors.
Departement: Applied Psychology
Organisational Unit: Psychological Institute (PI)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1007/s10508-014-0395-y
ISSN: 0004-0002
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/2286
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie

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