Title: Hydrothermal carbonization of organic material with low dry matter content : the example of waste whey
Authors : Escala, Marina
Graber, Andreas
Junge, Ranka
Koller, Christoph
Guiné, V.
Krebs, Rolf
Published in : Journal of Residuals Science & Technology
Volume(Issue) : 10
Issue : 4
Pages : 179
Pages to: 186
Publisher / Ed. Institution : DEStech Publications, Inc.
Issue Date: 2013
Language : Englisch / English
Subjects : Phenol; Oeko; IUNR; Hydrothermal carbonization
Subject (DDC) : 333.7: Landflächen, Erholungsgebiete, Energie
363: Umwelt- und Sicherheitsprobleme
540: Chemie
Abstract: Hydrothermal carbonization at 205°C was evaluated to process waste whey containing 5.9% of dry matter to a coal-like material and process water. Carbonization increased dramatically the heating value, with 15.0 MJ/kg for whey and 25.2 MJ/kg for coal, alongside the carbon fraction, from 38.0% (whey) to 60.4% (coal). Carbonization brought C/H und C/O molar ratios to typical values for brown coal. HTC process water showed a low N/P ratio, and could thus be interesting as phosphorus fertilizer. However, elevated concentrations of phenols and cyanides suggest that further treatment might be necessary.
Departement: Life Sciences und Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institut für Umwelt und Natürliche Ressourcen (IUNR)
Publication type: Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift / Article in scientific Journal
Type of review: Peer review (Publikation)
ISSN: 1544-8053
URI: http://www.dpi-journals.com/index.php/JRST/article/view/1941
License (according to publishing contract) : Lizenz gemäss Verlagsvertrag / Licence according to publishing contract
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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