Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Mobile health technologies for continuous monitoring of cancer patients in palliative care aiming to predict health status deterioration : a feasibility study
Authors: Pavic, Matea
Klaas, Vanessa Christina
Theile, Gudrun
Kraft, Johannes
Tröster, Gerhard
Blum, David
Guckenberger, Matthias
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2019.0342
Published in: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Volume(Issue): 23
Issue: 5
Pages: 678
Pages to: 685
Issue Date: 23-Dec-2019
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Mary Ann Liebert
ISSN: 1096-6218
Language: English
Subjects: Mobile health; Oncology; Outcome prediction; Palliative medicine; Wearables
Subject (DDC): 610.73: Nursing
616: Internal medicine and diseases
Abstract: Background: Unplanned readmissions or emergency visits (EVs) after discharge from hospital are frequent in patients in palliative care. Strategies to anticipate and prevent rapid deterioration of health are needed. Objective: Assessing feasibility and predictive ability of remote monitoring using wearables. Design: Prospective observational feasibility study in a single center. Setting/Subjects: Thirty cancer patients with an estimated life expectancy of >8 weeks to <12 months, aged >18 years and being discharged from inpatient to outpatient care were included. Measurements: Patients were provided with a smartphone, including the preinstalled "Activity Monitoring" application and a sensor-equipped bracelet. Follow-up was 12 weeks. Both devices recorded several features (e.g., vital signs). Visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and distress was reported once daily and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) once weekly. Statistical methods were applied to explore relationship between sensor data, self-reports, and EVs or readmissions or death. Results: Between February 2017 and May 2018, 30 patients were included. Twenty-five of 30 participants (83%) completed 12 weeks of follow-up. On average, bracelet was worn on 53% and smartphone on 85% of study days. Completion rate of daily digital questionnaires for subjective ratings was 73%. Eight unplanned hospital readmissions occurred. Ratings of pain, distress, and QLQ-C30 scores were not associated with readmission, whereas resting heart rate, resting heart rate variability, as well as speed of steps differed significantly in patients with and without readmission. Conclusions: Monitoring of palliative cancer patients using wearables is feasible. First results indicate that mobile health features might be promising biomarkers to predict unplanned readmissions.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: President's Office
Organisational Unit: Research and Development Unit
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Rektorat und Ressorts

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