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Title: Nanofiber-based aerogels
Authors : Burger, Tobias
Deuber, Fabian
Merk, Markus
Mousavi, Sara
Vejsadová, Lucie
Adlhart, Christian
Published in : CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry
Volume(Issue) : 71
Issue : 5
Pages : 311
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Swiss Chemical Society
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Bern
Issue Date: 2017
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Electrospinning; Water purification; Aerogels; Bioplymers
Subject (DDC) : 660: Chemical engineering
Abstract: Nanofiber-based aerogels or sponges are made from preformed polymeric nanofibers. They are very porous, ultralight and have a large internal surface as classical aerogels. But their network of interconnected fibers renders them also elastic and mechanically resilient. Moreover, they show a hierarchic architecture with minor primary pores between tangled nanofibers and major cell-like pores. Nanofiber aerogels can be tailored to many applications due to flexibility in the choice of polymer together with the possibility to chemically modify the surface of the fibers. Possible applications include filtration, thermal insulation, support for catalysts, or scaffolds for tissue engineering. Mostly, synthetic polymers such as PAN and PVA have been used as fiber materials or their blends with biopolymers such as pullulan and gelatin.
Departement: Life Sciences und Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology (ICBT)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.2533/chimia.2017.311
ISSN: 0009-4293
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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