Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Effect of glutamate accumulation during sourdough fermentation with lactobacillus reuteri on the taste of bread and sodium-reduced bread
Authors: Zhao, Cindy J.
Kinner, Mathias
Wismer, Wendy
Gänzle, Michael G.
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1094/CCHEM-07-14-0149-R
Published in: Cereal Chemistry
Volume(Issue): 92
Issue: 2
Page(s): 224
Pages to: 230
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Wiley
ISSN: 0009-0352
Language: English
Subject (DDC): 664: Food technology
Abstract: NaCl is an important contributor to the taste and texture of bread; therefore, it is challenging to reduce NaCl in bread without compromising quality. This study investigated sensory properties of bread with sourdough fermented with Lactobacillus reuteri accumulating glutamate or γ‐aminobutyrate (GABA). Sourdough was fermented with the GABA‐producing L. reuteri 100‐23 and LTH5448 as well as the glutamate‐accumulating L. reuteri 100‐23ΔgadB and TMW1.106. A consumer panel detected significant differences in the taste of bread with 6% addition of sourdough fermented with glutamate‐ or GABA‐producing L. reuteri. Remarkably, this difference was also detected when GABA‐producing L. reuteri 100‐23 was compared with its glutamate‐producing isogenic mutant L. reuteri 100‐23ΔgadB. The intensity of the salty taste of sourdough bread produced with 1% (flour basis) salt was equivalent to the intensity of the salty taste of reference bread produced with 1.5% salt. A trained panel found that sourdough breads (1 or 2% NaCl flour base) had a higher sour and umami taste intensity when compared with reference bread with the same salt content. Bread produced with sourdough fermented with L. reuteri 100‐23ΔgadB consistently had a higher umami taste intensity when compared with other sourdough breads. Neither sourdough addition nor NaCl level influenced bread volume or texture. In conclusion, the use of sourdough fermented with glutamate‐accumulating lactobacilli allowed reduction of NaCl without adverse effects on the taste or other quality attributes of bread.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation (ILGI)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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