Title: “Primeval forest relict beetles” of Central Europe : a set of 168 umbrella species for the protection of primeval forest remnants
Authors : Eckelt, Andreas
Müller, Jörg
Bense, Ulrich
Brustel, Hervé
Bußler, Heinz
Chittaro, Yannick
Cizek, Lukas
Frei, Adrienne
Holzer, Erwin
Kadej, Marcin
Kahlen, Manfred
Köhler, Frank
Möller, Georg
Mühle, Hans
Sanchez, Andreas
Schaffrath, Ulrich
Schmidl, Jürgen
Smolis, Adrian
Szallies, Alexander
Németh, Tamás
Wurst, Claus
Thorn, Simon
Christensen, Rune Haubo Bojesen
Seibold, Sebastian
Published in : Journal of insect conservation
Volume(Issue) : 22
Issue : 1
Pages : 15
Pages to: 28
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Springer
Issue Date: Feb-2018
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Saproxylic beetles; Old growth; Primeval forest relicts; Habitat continuity; Megatree continuity; Forest conservation; Flagship species; Umbrella species
Subject (DDC) : 590: Animals (Zoology)
Abstract: Identification of forest stands with priority for the conservation of biodiversity is of particular importance in landscapes with a long cultural and agricultural history, such as Central Europe. A group of species with a high indicator value for the naturalness of forest ecosystems are saproxylic insects. Some of these species, especially within the order Coleoptera, have been described as primeval forests relicts. Here, we compiled a list of 168 “primeval forest relict species” of saproxylic beetles based on expert knowledge. These species can serve as focal and umbrella species for forest conservation in Central Europe. They were selected because of their dependence on the continuous presence of primeval forest habitat features, such as over-mature trees, high amounts of dead wood, and dead wood diversity, as well as their absence in managed Central European forests. These primeval forest relict species showed a moderately strong clumping pattern within the phylogeny of beetles, as indicated by phylogenetic signal testing using the D-statistic. When we controlled for phylogenetic relatedness, an ordinal linear model revealed that large body size and preference for dead wood and trees of large diameter are the main characteristics of these species. This list of species can be used to identify forest stands of conservation value throughout Central Europe, to prioritize conservation and to raise public awareness for conservation issues related to primeval forests.
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
DOI : 10.1007/s10841-017-0028-6
ISSN: 1366-638X
1572-9753
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/11925
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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