Title: Highly selective dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes catalyzed by rhenium complexes
Authors : Jiang, Yanfeng
Blacque, Olivier
Fox, Thomas
Frech, Christian M.
Berke, Heinz
Published in : Chemistry - a European journal
Volume(Issue) : 15
Issue : 9
Pages : 2121
Pages to: 2128
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Wiley
Issue Date: 2009
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subject (DDC) : 540: Chemistry
Abstract: Choosy chemicals: Rhenium(I) complexes of type [ReBr(2)(L)(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (L=H(2) (1), CH(3)CN (2), ethylene (3); R=iPr (a), cyclohexyl (b)) proved to be suitable catalyst precursors for the highly selective dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes. Two types of rhenium(I) hydride species, [ReBrH(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (4) and [ReBr(eta(2)-CH(2)=CHR(1))H(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (5), were found in the [ReBr(2)(L)(NO)(PR(3))(2)]-catalyzed dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes.Rhenium(I) complexes of type [ReBr(2)(L)(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (L=H(2) (1), CH(3)CN (2), and ethylene (3); R=iPr (a) and cyclohexyl (Cy; b)) catalyze dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes in a highly selective manner to yield silyl alkenes and the corresponding alkanes. Hydrosilylation products appear only rarely depending on the type of olefinic substituent, and if they do appear then it is in very minor amounts. Mechanistic studies showed that two rhenium(I) hydride species of type [ReBrH(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (R=iPr (4 a) and Cy (4 b)) and [ReBr(eta(2)-CH(2)=CHR(1))H(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (R(1)=p-CH(3)C(6)H(4), R=iPr (5 a), Cy (5 b); R(1)=H, R=iPr (5 a'), Cy (5 b')) are involved in the initiation pathway of the catalysis. The rate-determining steps of the catalytic cycle are the phosphine dissociation from complexes of type 5 and the reductive eliminations to form the alkane components. The catalytic cycle implies that the given rhenium systems have the ability to activate C-H and Si-H bonds through the aid of a facile redox interplay of Re(I) and Re(III) species. The molecular structures of 4 b and 5 a were established by means of X-ray diffraction studies.
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1002/chem.200802019
ISSN: 0947-6539
1521-3765
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/10478
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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