Title: Individual variability and environmental characteristics influence older adults' abilities to manage everyday technology
Authors : Malinowsky, Camilla
Almkvist, Ove
Nygård, Louise
Kottorp, Anders
Published in : International Psychogeriatrics
Volume(Issue) : 24
Issue : 3
Pages : 484
Pages to: 495
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Cambridge University Press
Issue Date: 2011
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Alzheimer's disease; Cognitive dysfunction; Disability evaluation; Educational status; Independent living; Mental status schedule; Computer literacy; Social environment; Technology
Subject (DDC) : 004: Computer science
305: Social groups
Abstract: Background: The ability to manage everyday technology (ET), such as computers and microwave ovens, is increasingly required in the performance of everyday activities and participation in society. This study aimed to identify aspects that influence the ability to manage ET among older adults with and without cognitive impairment. Methods: Older adults with mild Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment and without known cognitive impairment were assessed as they managed their ET at home. Data were collected using the Management of Everyday Technology Assessment (META). Rasch-based measures of the person's ability to manage ET were analyzed. These measures were used as dependent variables in backward procedure ANOVA analyses. Different predefined aspects that could influence the ability to manage ET were used as independent variables. Results: Three aspects had a significant effect upon the ability to manage ET. These were: (1) variability in intrapersonal capacities (such as “the capacity to pay attention and focus”, (2) environmental characteristics (such as “the impact of the design”) and (3) diagnostic group. Conclusions: Variability in intrapersonal capacities seems to be of more importance than the actual level of intrapersonal capacity in relation to the ability to manage ET for this sample. This implies that investigations of ability to manage ET should also include intraperson variability. Additionally, adaptations in environmental characteristics could simplify the management of ET to support older adults as technology users.
Departement: Gesundheit
Organisational Unit: Institute of Occupational Therapy (IER)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1017/S1041610211002092
ISSN: 1041-6102
1741-203X
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/8721
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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