Publication type: Conference other
Type of review: Peer review (abstract)
Title: The fall prevention programme 'Sicher durch den Alltag' is effective and cost-effective
Authors: Niedermann Schneider, K.
Meichtry, A.
Zindel, B.
Brunner, B.
Ernst, M.
Krafft, V.
Mattli, R.
Nast, I.
Wirz, M.
Wieser, S.
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-eular.3453
Proceedings: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Volume(Issue): 80
Issue: Supplement 1
Page(s): 95
Conference details: Annual European Congress of Rheumatology EULAR 2021, virtual, 2-5 June 2021
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher / Ed. Institution: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 0003-4967
Language: English
Subject (DDC): 615.82: Physical therapy
616.7: Diseases of musculoskeletal system and orthopaedics
Abstract: Background: Falls in older people are frequent and have often severe health consequences. Reinforced by population ageing, they represent a substantial challenge for health care systems. Falls are often due to a combination of intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors. For these reasons, the Swiss League Against Rheumatism (SLAR) developed the multidimensional, home-based fall prevention programme ‘Sicher durch den Alltag’ (‘Safely Through Everyday Life’). The programme has been implemented nationwide since 2013 and is financed by selected health insurance companies. Trained physiotherapists (PTs) or occupational therapists (OTs) visit the senior at home for a 60-90 minutes session. They perform a detailed assessment of the senior’s individual risk of falling and subsequently eliminate identified environmental risk factors and provide tailored exercises. After 4 weeks, the PT/OT calls the senior to discuss further needs. The cost of the intervention is at 500 Swiss Francs (approximately 460 Euro) per senior. Objectives: Assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this fall prevention programme. Methods: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was performed. Baseline study data was assessed at the home visit, including the self-reported number of falls during a) the year and b) the month before the visit. The participants of the programme were monitored for one year after the home visit by bi-monthly telephone calls. Participants were asked to report the falls that they continuously documented in a diary. Questionnaires administered orally included the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), a Quality of Life Questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L), and the amount of moderately intensive physical activity (PA).To compare the falls during the years before and after the home visit, the mean number of falls before the visit was calculated based on reported falls during a) the year and b) the month (multiplied by 12) before the visit. A 2:1 weighted mean from a) and b) was calculated, considering that retrospective reporting over one year or over one month may underestimate or overestimate, respectively, the number of falls. Statistical analysis fitted a GEE-Poisson-Modell (Generalized Estimating Equations) to the data for number of falls and a Linear Mixed Model (LMM) for fear of falling, quality of life and PA. Falls related health care spending in the years before and after the intervention were compared based on health insurance claims data. Results: Overall, 639 person-years of observation time were available for analysis. Participants were mainly female (59%) and had a mean age of 81.8+/- 5.2 years. On average, rate of falling decreased from 1.35 to 1.02 per person year (-23.9%), fear of falling decreased by -1.27 (95%CI -1.50, -1.05), quality of life improved by -0.88 (95%CI -1.09, -0.68), PA increased by 9.87 minutes per day (95%CI 5.65, 14.09). Health insurance claims data showed a 48.0% reduction (95%CI 30.5%, 61.0%) of medically treated falls. The average cost per prevented medically treated fall was estimated at 1317 Swiss Francs (approximately 1200 Euro) and the probability of the intervention being cost-saving at 47%. Conclusion: This low-threshold fall prevention programme was found to be very effective and cost-effective. Home visits by trained PTs or OTs contribute substantially to reduce falls in the elderly. The high cost-effectiveness is explained by a substantial reduction of severe falls.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: School of Health Sciences
School of Management and Law
Organisational Unit: Institute of Physiotherapy (IPT)
Winterthur Institute of Health Economics (WIG)
Published as part of the ZHAW project: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in Switzerland
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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