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dc.contributor.authorNiedermann Schneider, K.-
dc.contributor.authorMeichtry, A.-
dc.contributor.authorZindel, B.-
dc.contributor.authorBrunner, B.-
dc.contributor.authorErnst, M.-
dc.contributor.authorKrafft, V.-
dc.contributor.authorMattli, R.-
dc.contributor.authorNast, I.-
dc.contributor.authorWirz, M.-
dc.contributor.authorWieser, S.-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Falls in older people are frequent and have often severe health consequences. Reinforced by population ageing, they represent a substantial challenge for health care systems. Falls are often due to a combination of intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors. For these reasons, the Swiss League Against Rheumatism (SLAR) developed the multidimensional, home-based fall prevention programme ‘Sicher durch den Alltag’ (‘Safely Through Everyday Life’). The programme has been implemented nationwide since 2013 and is financed by selected health insurance companies. Trained physiotherapists (PTs) or occupational therapists (OTs) visit the senior at home for a 60-90 minutes session. They perform a detailed assessment of the senior’s individual risk of falling and subsequently eliminate identified environmental risk factors and provide tailored exercises. After 4 weeks, the PT/OT calls the senior to discuss further needs. The cost of the intervention is at 500 Swiss Francs (approximately 460 Euro) per senior. Objectives: Assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this fall prevention programme. Methods: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was performed. Baseline study data was assessed at the home visit, including the self-reported number of falls during a) the year and b) the month before the visit. The participants of the programme were monitored for one year after the home visit by bi-monthly telephone calls. Participants were asked to report the falls that they continuously documented in a diary. Questionnaires administered orally included the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), a Quality of Life Questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L), and the amount of moderately intensive physical activity (PA).To compare the falls during the years before and after the home visit, the mean number of falls before the visit was calculated based on reported falls during a) the year and b) the month (multiplied by 12) before the visit. A 2:1 weighted mean from a) and b) was calculated, considering that retrospective reporting over one year or over one month may underestimate or overestimate, respectively, the number of falls. Statistical analysis fitted a GEE-Poisson-Modell (Generalized Estimating Equations) to the data for number of falls and a Linear Mixed Model (LMM) for fear of falling, quality of life and PA. Falls related health care spending in the years before and after the intervention were compared based on health insurance claims data. Results: Overall, 639 person-years of observation time were available for analysis. Participants were mainly female (59%) and had a mean age of 81.8+/- 5.2 years. On average, rate of falling decreased from 1.35 to 1.02 per person year (-23.9%), fear of falling decreased by -1.27 (95%CI -1.50, -1.05), quality of life improved by -0.88 (95%CI -1.09, -0.68), PA increased by 9.87 minutes per day (95%CI 5.65, 14.09). Health insurance claims data showed a 48.0% reduction (95%CI 30.5%, 61.0%) of medically treated falls. The average cost per prevented medically treated fall was estimated at 1317 Swiss Francs (approximately 1200 Euro) and the probability of the intervention being cost-saving at 47%. Conclusion: This low-threshold fall prevention programme was found to be very effective and cost-effective. Home visits by trained PTs or OTs contribute substantially to reduce falls in the elderly. The high cost-effectiveness is explained by a substantial reduction of severe falls.de_CH
dc.publisherBMJ Publishing Groupde_CH
dc.rightsLicence according to publishing contractde_CH
dc.subject.ddc615.82: Physiotherapiede_CH
dc.subject.ddc616.7: Krankheiten des Bewegungsapparates und Orthopädiede_CH
dc.titleThe fall prevention programme 'Sicher durch den Alltag' is effective and cost-effectivede_CH
dc.typeKonferenz: Sonstigesde_CH
zhaw.departementSchool of Management and Lawde_CH
zhaw.organisationalunitInstitut für Physiotherapie (IPT)de_CH
zhaw.organisationalunitWinterthurer Institut für Gesundheitsökonomie (WIG)de_CH
zhaw.conference.detailsAnnual European Congress of Rheumatology EULAR 2021, virtual, 2-5 June 2021de_CH
zhaw.issueSupplement 1de_CH
zhaw.publication.reviewPeer review (Abstract)de_CH
zhaw.title.proceedingsAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseasesde_CH
zhaw.webfeedG: IPT: Interventionde_CH
zhaw.funding.zhawKnee osteoarthritis (KOA) in Switzerlandde_CH
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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