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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Overcoming automaticity through meditation
Authors: Maran, Thomas
Woznica, Martin
Moder, Sebastian
Furtner, Marco
Jehle, Elias
Hörner, Stanislaw
Hugger, Gregor
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1007/s12671-021-01749-8
Published in: Mindfulness
Issue Date: 23-Sep-2021
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Springer
ISSN: 1868-8527
Language: English
Subjects: Automaticity; Cognitive control; Cognitive training; Mindfulness
Subject (DDC): 150: Psychology
Abstract: Objectives Meditation practice has recently moved into applied research to improve cognitive functions. However, it is a multifaceted practice, with focused attention meditation relying on a sharp focus, and open monitoring meditation relying on a diffuse awareness. This study aims to assess the effects of differential alterations of cognition following distinct meditative training and focuses on practitioners’ tendency to fall victim to erroneous automaticity in responding when faced with cognitive conflict. Methods Seventy-three individuals were randomly assigned to one of three intervention groups (internally focused attention meditation, externally focused attention meditation, open monitoring meditation) or a wait list control group. The meditation groups were trained over the course of 4 weeks and eight sessions. Changes in proneness to erroneous automatic responding were tested using two cognitive performance tasks that induce learned or instructed automaticity (Dot Pattern Expectancy paradigm, NEXT-paradigm). Results Overall, meditation training generally improved overcoming learned automaticity (rs?=?.26–.36, ps?=?.002–.031) but not instructed automaticity compared to the control condition. Furthermore, data suggest open monitoring outperformed focused attention in overcoming learned automaticity in one task (rs?=?.31–.56, ps?=?.001–.009). Conclusions Our results provide evidence for meditative training to facilitate practitioners’ ability to select the most appropriate course of action against overlearned habits in light of the peculiarities of their current situation. Open monitoring meditation is a particularly promising avenue for reducing one’s liability to erroneous habits.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: School of Management and Law
Organisational Unit: Institute for Organizational Viability (IOV)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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