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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: What constitutes agency? : determinants of actors’ influence on formal institutions in Swiss waste management
Authors: Duygan, Mert
Stauffacher, Michael
Meylan, Grégoire
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120413
Published in: Technological Forecasting and Social Change
Volume(Issue): 162
Issue: 120413
Issue Date: Oct-2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Elsevier
ISSN: 0040-1625
Language: English
Subjects: Agency; Discourse analysis; Endowment; Qualitative comparative analysis; Social network analysis; Transition
Subject (DDC): 658.406: Innovation management, change management
Abstract: Institutional change is crucial for the transitions of socio-technical systems. This study addresses why some actors have strong agency by uncovering the determinants of their influence on formal institutions. We focused on a recent and major policy process in Swiss waste management as the empirical case. We carried out content analysis of consultation documents, expert surveys, online questionnaire and social network analysis. The resulting data were then analysed with Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) to determine the necessary and sufficient conditions associated with large influence. Results suggest that only several actors have a major influence on the policy output. Possessing material or non-material resources is found to be necessary yet not sufficient, as actors need to exhibit high activity and embeddedness in social networks or articulate a discourse rich in various concepts. By elucidating the configuration of endowments critical for actors’ influence on formal institutions, this study yields novel insights into the ingredients of strong agency. The analytical approach we present can be applied to various settings and thus can be pursued for a systematic analysis on the determinants of actors’ influence and how it varies with political or organizational context.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: School of Management and Law
Organisational Unit: International Management Institute (IMI)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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