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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Do cognitively stimulating activities affect the association between retirement timing and cognitive functioning in old age?
Authors: Baumann, Isabel
Eyjólfsdóttir, Harpa Sif
Fritzell, Johan
Lennartsson, Carin
Darin-Mattsson, Alexander
Kåreholt, Ingemar
Andel, Ross
Dratva, Julia
Agahi, Neda
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1017/S0144686X20000847
Published in: Ageing & Society
Volume(Issue): 42
Issue: 2
Pages: 306
Pages to: 330
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 0144-686X
Language: English
Subjects: Retirement timing; Retirement policy; Health outcome; Cognition; Occupational activity; Leisure activity; Propensity score matching
Subject (DDC): 305: Groups (age, origine, gender, income)
613: Personal health
Abstract: In response to the rising financial pressure on old-age pension systems in industrialised economies, many European countries plan to increase the eligibility age for retirement pensions. We used data from Sweden to examine whether (and if so, how) retirement after age 65 – the eligibility age for basic pension – compared to retiring earlier affects older adults’ (between ages 70 and 85) cognitive functioning. Using a propensity score matching (PSM) approach, we addressed the selection bias potentially introduced by non-random selection into either early or late retirement. We also examined average and heterogeneous treatment effects (HTEs). HTEs were evaluated for different levels of cognitive stimulation from occupational activities before retirement and from leisure activities after retirement. We drew from a rich longitudinal data-set linking two nationally representative Swedish surveys with a register data-set and found that, on average, individuals who retire after age 65 do not have a higher level of cognitive functioning than those who retire earlier. Similarly, we did not observe HTEs from occupational activities. With respect to leisure activities, we found no systematic effects on cognitive functioning among those working beyond age 65. We conclude that, in general, retirement age does not seem to affect cognitive functioning in old age. Yet, the rising retirement age may put substantial pressure on individuals who suffer from poor health at the end of their occupational career, potentially exacerbating social- and health-related inequalities among older people.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: School of Health Sciences
Organisational Unit: Institute of Public Health (IPH)
Published as part of the ZHAW project: Die gesundheitlichen Auswirkungen einer späteren Pensionierung
Appears in collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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