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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Swiss university students’ risk perception and general anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic
Authors: Dratva, Julia
Zysset, Annina
Schlatter, Nadine
von Wyl, Agnes
Huber, Marion
Volken, Thomas
et. al: No
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17207433
Published in: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume(Issue): 17
Issue: 20
Pages: 7433
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: MDPI
ISSN: 1660-4601
Language: English
Subjects: Anxiety; COVID-19; GAD-7; Latent class analyses; University student; Young adult
Subject (DDC): 150: Psychology
610: Medicine and health
Abstract: University students were confronted with abrupt changes to their daily lives by the COVID-19 lock-down. We investigated Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7 (GAD-7) and anxiety levels, and the association between perceived impact on well-being, studies, and daily lives and anxiety levels, adjusted for gender, age, social class and affiliation. Early in the lock-down all students of the Zurich University of Applied Sciences (N = 12,429) were invited to a voluntary longitudinal health survey. Participation rate was 20% (n = 2437): 70% females, median age 25 yrs. (IQR 23–28). A total of 10% reported a deterioration of well-being compared to pre-Corona. LCA yielded three classes varying in perceived COVID-19 impact: 1 (low, n = 675), 2 (moderate, n = 1098), and 3 (strong, n = 656). Adjusted proportion of moderate to severe anxiety by class were 45% (95% CI: 28.0–62.0), 15.5% (95% CI: 13.1–17.9), and 5.1% (95% CI: 4.7–5.6), respectively. Multivariate regression analyses yielded an OR for moderate to severe anxiety of 3.88 (95% CI: 2.5–6.0, class 2) and 22.43 (95% CI: 14.5–34.6, class 3) compared to class-1. The investigated association implies that containment measures have a selective effect on anxiety in students. The diversity of students’ perception and associated anxiety should be monitored and considered in future response to pandemics.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: School of Health Sciences
Applied Psychology
Organisational Unit: Institute of Public Health (IPH)
Psychological Institute (PI)
Published as part of the ZHAW project: Gesundheit von Studierenden in Zeiten der Corona-Pandemie
Appears in collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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