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Title: Prolongation of working life and its effect on mortality and health in older adults : propensity score matching
Authors : Eyjólfsdóttir, Harpa Sif
Baumann, Isabel
Agahi, Neda
Fritzell, Johan
Lennartsson, Carin
Published in : Social science & medicine
Volume(Issue) : 226
Pages : 77
Pages to: 86
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Elsevier
Issue Date: 2019
License (according to publishing contract) : CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Retirement; Propensity score matching; Mortality; Physical health; Pensions; Self-rated health; Socioeconomic differences; Heterogeneous effects
Subject (DDC) : 362: Health and social services
Abstract: Many countries are raising the age of pension eligibility because of increases in life expectancy. Given the social gradient in life expectancy and health, it is important to understand the potential late-life health effects of prolonging working life and whether any effects differ by socioeconomic position. We examined the effect of prolonging working life beyond age 65 on mortality and a series of indicators of late-life physical health (the ability to climb stairs without difficulty, self-rated health, ADL limitations, and musculoskeletal pain) in a representative sample of the Swedish population. In addition to average effects, we also examined heterogeneous effects, for instance by occupational social class. To do this, we use propensity score matching, a method suitable for addressing causality in observational data. The data came from two linked Swedish longitudinal surveys based on nationally representative samples with repeated follow-ups; The Swedish Level of Living Survey and the Swedish Panel Study of Living conditions of the Oldest Old, and from national income and mortality registries. The analytical sample for the mortality outcome included 1852 people, and for late-life physical health outcomes 1461 people. We found no significant average treatment effect on the treated (ATT) of working to age 66 or above on the outcomes, measured an average of 12 years after retirement: mortality (ATT -0.039), the ability to climb stairs (ATT -0.023), self-rated health (ATT -0.009), ADL limitations (ATT -0.023), or musculoskeletal pain (ATT -0.009) in late life. Analyses of whether the results varied by occupational social class or the propensity to prolong working life were inconclusive but suggest a positive effect of prolonging working life on health outcomes. Accordingly, more detailed knowledge about the precise mechanisms underlying these results are needed. In conclusion, working to age 66 or above did not have effect on mortality or late-life physical health.
Departement: Health Professions
Organisational Unit: Institute of Health Sciences (IGW)
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
DOI : 10.21256/zhaw-4796
ISSN: 1873-5347
Published as part of the ZHAW project : Die gesundheitlichen Auswirkungen einer späteren Pensionierung
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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