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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Implementation in nursing and midwifery : a scoping review
Authors: Loytved, Christine Anna Lieselotte
Hasenberg, Gabriele
Brendel-Hofmann, Karin
Bothe-Moser, Cornelia
Eggenschwiler, Ruth Esther
Eigenmann, Denise Theres
Graf Heule, Petra
Hammer, Kristin
Hauser, Regula
Oberndörfer, Katrin
Pfister-Stoppa, Anja
Spiegel-Hefel, Elisabeth
Stiefel, Andrea
DOI: 10.1515/ijhp-2017-0021
Published in: International Journal of Health Professions
Volume(Issue): 4
Issue: 2
Page(s): 122
Pages to: 136
Issue Date: 14-Sep-2017
Publisher / Ed. Institution: De Gruyter
ISSN: 2296-990X
Language: German
Subjects: Implementation; Pflege; Hebammenarbeit; Scoping Review; Nursing; Midwifery
Subject (DDC): 610.73: Nursing
618: Gynecology, obstetrics and midwifery
Abstract: Background: Evidence-based expertise in nursing and midwifery is growing but is not automatically turned into practice. The importance of implementation research is therefore increasing. International research results on factors facilitating implementation have not yet been sufficiently presented. Objective: This scoping review will explore the findings on successful preparation, realisation and maintenance of interventions in nursing and midwifery. Method: Based on an existing systematic approach, relevant data bases were accessed to identify original studies relating to implementation research in nursing and midwifery. The process of study selection and the characteristics of the included studies were charted. Findings: In the four reviews and 38 studies which met the inclusion criteria, various factors leading to successful implementation are identified. Based on the included studies, four facilitating factors can be pinpointed: (1) workplace culture (16 entries), (2) leadership culture (28 entries), (3) resources (4 entries), and (4) training (22 entries). Depending on the specific phase of the implementation process (preparation, realisation, or maintenance), these factors will vary in importance. Conclusion: This scoping review provides an orientation for the field of implementation research and it maps the design, themes and results of the studies included. It should be noted that few studies take into consideration the relevant theories, as well as the influence that the researchers and the target group may have on the implementation process, or provide an exact description of the setting in which the implementation takes place.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International
Departement: School of Health Sciences
Organisational Unit: Institute of Midwifery and Reproductive Health (IHG)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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Loytved, C. A. L., Hasenberg, G., Brendel-Hofmann, K., Bothe-Moser, C., Eggenschwiler, R. E., Eigenmann, D. T., Graf Heule, P., Hammer, K., Hauser, R., Oberndörfer, K., Pfister-Stoppa, A., Spiegel-Hefel, E., & Stiefel, A. (2017). Implementation in nursing and midwifery : a scoping review. International Journal of Health Professions, 4(2), 122–136.
Loytved, C.A.L. et al. (2017) ‘Implementation in nursing and midwifery : a scoping review’, International Journal of Health Professions, 4(2), pp. 122–136. Available at:
C. A. L. Loytved et al., “Implementation in nursing and midwifery : a scoping review,” International Journal of Health Professions, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 122–136, Sep. 2017, doi: 10.1515/ijhp-2017-0021.
LOYTVED, Christine Anna Lieselotte, Gabriele HASENBERG, Karin BRENDEL-HOFMANN, Cornelia BOTHE-MOSER, Ruth Esther EGGENSCHWILER, Denise Theres EIGENMANN, Petra GRAF HEULE, Kristin HAMMER, Regula HAUSER, Katrin OBERNDÖRFER, Anja PFISTER-STOPPA, Elisabeth SPIEGEL-HEFEL und Andrea STIEFEL, 2017. Implementation in nursing and midwifery : a scoping review. International Journal of Health Professions. 14 September 2017. Bd. 4, Nr. 2, S. 122–136. DOI 10.1515/ijhp-2017-0021
Loytved, Christine Anna Lieselotte, Gabriele Hasenberg, Karin Brendel-Hofmann, Cornelia Bothe-Moser, Ruth Esther Eggenschwiler, Denise Theres Eigenmann, Petra Graf Heule, et al. 2017. “Implementation in nursing and midwifery : a scoping review.” International Journal of Health Professions 4 (2): 122–36.
Loytved, Christine Anna Lieselotte, et al. “Implementation in nursing and midwifery : a scoping review.” International Journal of Health Professions, vol. 4, no. 2, Sept. 2017, pp. 122–36,

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