Title: The influence of personality on violent victimization : a study on police officers
Authors : Ellrich, Karoline
Baier, Dirk
Published in : Psychology, crime & law
Volume(Issue) : 22
Issue : 6
Pages : 538
Pages to: 560
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Routledge
Issue Date: 2016
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Language : English
Subject (DDC) : 155: Differential and developmental psychology
364: Criminology
Abstract: The current study aims to examine the influence of police officer characteristics, civilian characteristics, and possible interactions between both on violent victimization of police officers. Based on literature distinguishing between ‘provocative’ and ‘submissive’ victims, focus is given on effects of police officers’ personality in terms of the five-factor model plus risk-taking. Patrol police officers (n = 1813) from Lower Saxony, Germany, completed a paper-and-pencil survey including personality assessments as well as questions about their last three police encounters. Binary logistic multilevel regression analyses demonstrate that police officers with higher scores on neuroticism and openness to experience were more likely to be violently attacked. Furthermore, agreeableness reduced police officers’ risk of violent victimization, while risk-taking and neuroticism increased their risk when confronted with a violent civilian. The study indicates that personality and especially traits that are assumed to provoke potential perpetrators were linked with violent victimization. It further stresses the need to include perpetrator attributes in victim studies in order to identify relevant interaction effects between both parties.
Departement: Social Work
Organisational Unit: Institute of Delinquency and Crime Prevention (IDK)
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
DOI : 10.1080/1068316X.2016.1168424
ISSN: 1068-316X
1477-2744
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/14371
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Soziale Arbeit

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