|Title:||Environmental determinants of overweight and obesity : extended international literature review|
|Authors :||Schmidhauser, Sara|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||ZHAW Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution:||Winterthur|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Subjects :||Environmental factor; Obesity; Economic determinant|
|Subject (DDC) :||616: Internal medicine and diseases|
|Abstract:||A systematic literature search was performed to identify the determinants in the environment that have contributed to obesity and overweight in OECD countries and that can explain time trends and cross-sectional differences. We found 677 studies that fulfilled the criteria, of which 318 related to some measure of socioeconomic status (education, income, occupation) only. The studies were grouped with the help of a two-dimensional thematic map consisting of six environmental domains (politics & law, economics, society & culture, technology, the physical & natural environment and policy measures) and three levels (micro, meso and macro). The obesity epidemic can plausibly be traced back to a multitude of environmental factors that are most often essentially the result of long-run improvements to enhance individual or social welfare. Thus, the obesity epidemic is part and parcel of some developments which cannot or should not be reversed.|
|Departement:||School of Management and Law|
|Organisational Unit:||Winterthur Institute of Health Economics (WIG)|
|Publication type:||Working Paper – Expertise – Study|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen School of Management and Law|
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