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|Publication type:||Article in scientific journal|
|Type of review:||Peer review (publication)|
|Title:||Reasons why people in Switzerland seek assisted suicide : the view of patients and physicians|
Mahrer Imhof, Romy
|Published in:||Swiss Medical Weekly|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution:||EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag|
|Subjects:||Right-to-die; Assisted; Dying; Suicide|
|Subject (DDC):||150: Psychology |
362: Health and social services
|Abstract:||Background: Assisted suicide is permitted in Switzerland provided that assistance is not motivated by selfish reasons. Suicides are commonly performed with the assistance of right-to-die organisations and the use of a lethal dose of barbiturates prescribed by a participating physician. We examined the reasons physicians provided for writing the prescription and the reasons patients gave for requesting assistance in dying. Methods: We analysed all reported cases of assisted suicide that were facilitated by right-to-die organisations between 2001 and 2004 in the city of Zurich, and for which both the medical report and the optional letter written by the decedent providing information on their reasons for seeking assistance in suicide (N = 165). Results: The reasons most often reported by physicians (ph), as well as persons who sought help (p), were: pain (ph: 56% of all assisted suicides, p: 58%), need for long-term care (ph: 37%, p: 39%), neurological symptoms (ph: 35%, p: 32%), immobility (ph: 23%, p: 30%) and dyspnoea (ph: 23%, p: 23%). Control of circumstances over death (ph: 12%, p: 39%); loss of dignity (ph: 6%, p: 38%); weakness (ph: 13%, p: 26%); less able to engage in activities that make life enjoyable (ph: 6%, p: 18%); and insomnia and loss of concentration (ph: 4%, p: 13%) were significantly more often mentioned by decedents than by physicians. Conclusions: Both prescribing physicians and;patients provided with assistance to die quite often mentioned pain and other concerns, many of which were objectively assessable and related to unbearable suffering or unreasonable disability. Concerns referable to autonomy and individual judgement were more often noted by people seeking help than by the prescribing physicians.|
|Fulltext version:||Published version|
|License (according to publishing contract):||CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International|
|Departement:||School of Health Sciences|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Nursing (IPF)|
|Appears in collections:||Publikationen Gesundheit|
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Fischer, S., Huber, C. A., Furter, M., Imhof, L., Mahrer Imhof, R., Schwarzenegger, C., Ziegler, S. J., & Bosshard, G. (2009). Reasons why people in Switzerland seek assisted suicide : the view of patients and physicians. Swiss Medical Weekly, 139(23-24), 333–338. https://doi.org/10.21256/zhaw-2741
Fischer, S. et al. (2009) ‘Reasons why people in Switzerland seek assisted suicide : the view of patients and physicians’, Swiss Medical Weekly, 139(23-24), pp. 333–338. Available at: https://doi.org/10.21256/zhaw-2741.
S. Fischer et al., “Reasons why people in Switzerland seek assisted suicide : the view of patients and physicians,” Swiss Medical Weekly, vol. 139, no. 23-24, pp. 333–338, 2009, doi: 10.21256/zhaw-2741.
Fischer, S., et al. “Reasons Why People in Switzerland Seek Assisted Suicide : The View of Patients and Physicians.” Swiss Medical Weekly, vol. 139, no. 23-24, 2009, pp. 333–38, https://doi.org/10.21256/zhaw-2741.
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