Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Determination of a sagittal plane axis of rotation for a dynamic office chair
Authors : Bauer, Christoph
Rast, F.M.
Böck, C.
Kuster, Roman
Baumgartner, Daniel
DOI : 10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.008
Published in : Applied Ergonomics
Volume(Issue) : 72
Pages : 107
Pages to: 112
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Elsevier
ISSN: 0003-6870
1872-9126
Language : English
Subjects : Dynamic sitting; Kinematics; Office workers; Product design; Spine
Subject (DDC) : 620: Engineering
Abstract: Objective: This study investigated the location of the axis of rotation in sagittal plane movement of the spine in a free sitting condition to adjust the kinematics of a mobile seat for a dynamic chair. Background: Dynamic office chairs are designed to avoid continuous isometric muscle activity, and to facilitate increased mobility of the back during sitting. However, these chairs incorporate increased upper body movement which could distract office workers from the performance of their tasks. A chair with an axis of rotation above the seat would facilitate a stable upper back during movements of the lower back. The selection of a natural kinematic pattern is of high importance in order to match the properties of the spine. Method: Twenty-one participants performed four cycles of flexion and extension of the spine during an upper arm hang on parallel bars. The location of the axis of rotation relative to the seat was estimated using infrared cameras and reflective skin markers. Results: The median axis of rotation across all participants was located 36 cm above the seat for the complete movement and 39 cm for both the flexion and extension phases, each with an interquartile range of 20 cm. Conclusion: There was no significant effect of the movement direction on the location of the axis of rotation and only a weak, non-significant correlation between body height and the location of the axis of rotation. Individual movement patterns explained the majority of the variance. Application: The axis of rotation for a spinal flexion/extension movement is located above the seat. The recommended radius for a guide rail of a mobile seat is between 36 cm and 39 cm.
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/12386
Fulltext version : Published version
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Health Professions
School of Engineering
Organisational Unit: Institute of Mechanical Systems (IMES)
Institute of Physiotherapy (IPT)
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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