Title: Determination of a sagittal plane axis of rotation for a dynamic office chair
Authors : Bauer, Christoph
Rast, F.M.
Böck, C.
Kuster, Roman
Baumgartner, Daniel
Published in : Applied ergonomics
Volume(Issue) : 72
Pages : 107
Pages to: 112
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Elsevier
Issue Date: 2018
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Dynamic sitting; Kinematics; Office workers; Product design; Spine
Subject (DDC) : 620: Engineering
Abstract: Objective This study investigated the location of the axis of rotation in sagittal plane movement of the spine in a free sitting condition to adjust the kinematics of a mobile seat for a dynamic chair. Background Dynamic office chairs are designed to avoid continuous isometric muscle activity, and to facilitate increased mobility of the back during sitting. However, these chairs incorporate increased upper body movement which could distract office workers from the performance of their tasks. A chair with an axis of rotation above the seat would facilitate a stable upper back during movements of the lower back. The selection of a natural kinematic pattern is of high importance in order to match the properties of the spine. Method Twenty-one participants performed four cycles of flexion and extension of the spine during an upper arm hang on parallel bars. The location of the axis of rotation relative to the seat was estimated using infrared cameras and reflective skin markers. Results The median axis of rotation across all participants was located 36 cm above the seat for the complete movement and 39 cm for both the flexion and extension phases, each with an interquartile range of 20 cm. Conclusion There was no significant effect of the movement direction on the location of the axis of rotation and only a weak, non-significant correlation between body height and the location of the axis of rotation. Individual movement patterns explained the majority of the variance. Application The axis of rotation for a spinal flexion/extension movement is located above the seat. The recommended radius for a guide rail of a mobile seat is between 36 cm and 39 cm.
Departement: Health Professions
School of Engineering
Organisational Unit: Institute of Mechanical Systems (IMES)
Institute of Physiotherapy (IPT)
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
DOI : 10.1016/j.apergo.2018.05.008
ISSN: 0003-6870
1872-9126
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/12386
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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