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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Cognitive reserve mediates the relation between neighborhood socio-economic position and cognitive decline
Authors: Ihle, Andreas
Gabriel, Rainer
Oris, Michel
Gouveia, Élvio R.
Gouveia, Bruna R.
Marques, Adilson
Marconcin, Priscila
Kliegel, Matthias
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1159/000521905
Published in: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
Volume(Issue): 12
Issue: 2
Page(s): 90
Pages to: 93
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Karger
ISSN: 1664-5464
Language: English
Subjects: Cognitive decline; Cognitive reserve; Activity engagement; Neighborhood socio-economic position; Old age; Longitudinal study
Subject (DDC): 305: Groups (age, origine, gender, income)
307: Communities
Abstract: Introduction: We investigated the mediating role of leisure activity engagement as marker of cognitive reserve in the relation between neighborhood socio-economic position (SEP) and cognitive decline over 6 years. Methods: The study analyzed longitudinal data from 897 older adults who participated in the two waves (2011 and 2017) of the Vivre-Leben-Vivere (VLV) survey in Switzerland (M = 74.33 years in the first wave). Trail Making Test parts A and B were administered in both waves. Leisure activity engagement was assessed during interviews. Neighborhood SEP was derived from the Swiss Neighborhood Index of Socio-Economic Position (Swiss-SEP), provided by the Swiss National Cohort (SNC). Results: Latent change score modeling revealed that 42.5% of the relationship between higher neighborhood SEP and smaller cognitive decline was mediated via a higher frequency of leisure activities in the first wave. Conclusion: Neighborhood SEP constitutes an important contextual factor potentially influencing the pathways of cognitive reserve accumulation and, therefore, should be taken into account to better understand their effects on cognitive decline in old age.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY-NC 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial 4.0 International
Departement: Social Work
Organisational Unit: Institute of Diversity and Social Integration (IVGT)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Soziale Arbeit

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