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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Do welfare regimes moderate cumulative dis/advantages over the life course? : cross-national evidence from longitudinal SHARE data
Authors: Sieber, Stefan
Cheval, Boris
Orsholits, Dan
van der Linden, Bernadette W A
Guessous, Idris
Gabriel, Rainer
Kliegel, Matthias
von Arx, Martina
Kelly-Irving, Michelle
Aartsen, Marja J.
Boisgontier, Matthieu P
Courvoisier, Delphine
Burton-Jeangros, Claudine
Cullati, Stéphane
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gbaa036
Published in: The Journals of Gerontology: Series B
Volume(Issue): 75
Issue: 6
Pages: 1312
Pages to: 1325
Issue Date: Mar-2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1079-5014
Language: English
Subjects: Cumulative advantage/disadvantage; Early origins of health; Life course analysis; Self-rated health
Subject (DDC): 361: Social work and welfare
Abstract: Objectives This study aimed to examine the cumulative disadvantage of different forms of childhood misfortune and adult-life socioeconomic conditions with regard to trajectories and levels of self-rated health in old age and whether these associations differed between welfare regimes (Scandinavian, Bismarckian, Southern European, and Eastern European). Method The study included 24,004 respondents aged 50 to 96 from the longitudinal SHARE survey. Childhood misfortune included childhood socioeconomic conditions, adverse childhood experiences, and adverse childhood health experiences. Adult-life socioeconomic conditions consisted of education, main occupational position, and financial strain. We analyzed associations with poor self-rated health using confounder-adjusted mixed-effects logistic regression models for the complete sample and stratified by welfare regime. Results Disadvantaged respondents in terms of childhood misfortune and adult-life socioeconomic conditions had a higher risk of poor self-rated health at age 50. However, differences narrowed with aging between adverse-childhood-health-experiences categories (driven by Southern and Eastern European welfare regimes), categories of education (driven by Bismarckian welfare regime), and main occupational position (driven by Scandinavian welfare regime). Discussion Our research did not find evidence of cumulative disadvantage with aging in the studied life-course characteristics and age range. Instead, trajectories showed narrowing differences with differing patterns across welfare regimes.
Fulltext version: Accepted version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Restricted until: 2021-03-25
Departement: Social Work
Organisational Unit: Institute of Diversity and Social Integration (IVGT)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Soziale Arbeit

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