|Title:||Directed nanoparticle motion on an interfacial free energy gradient|
|Authors :||Walder, Robert|
Schwartz, Daniel K.
|Published in :||Langmuir|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||American Chemical Society|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Peer review (publication)|
|Subject (DDC) :||540: Chemistry|
|Abstract:||Using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM), we have observed the directed motion of 20 nm probe particles on specific regions of surfaces that exhibited strong gradients of hydrophobicity. Patterned surfaces were prepared by selective photodegradation (using a contact photomask) of a hydrophobically modified fused silica surface. The lateral distribution of hydrophobicity was characterized in situ using the selective affinity of amphiphilic probes (i.e., hydrophobic interaction microscopy). Probe particles were observed to move unidirectionally from regions of lower to higher to hydrophobicity over distances of approximately 1 microm when the hydrophobicity gradient was greater than d(cos theta)/dx = 0.05 +/- 0.02 microm(-1), where theta is the water contact angle on the bare surface. Only adsorption events were observed on energetically homogeneous surface regions.|
|Departement:||Life Sciences and Facility Management|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology (ICBT)|
|Publication type:||Article in scientific journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management|
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