Title: Ability to manage everyday technology : a comparison of persons with dementia or mild cognitive impairment and older adults without cognitive impairment
Authors : Malinowsky, C.
Almkvist, O.
Kottorp, Anders Börje Mauritz
Nygård, L.
Published in : Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology
Volume(Issue) : 5
Issue : 6
Pages : 462
Pages to: 469
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Taylor & Francis
Issue Date: 2010
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Alzheimer's disease; Cognition disorder; Psychological test; Severity of Illness Index
Subject (DDC) : 615.8515: Occupational therapy
616.8: Neurology, diseases of nervous system
Abstract: Purpose: The ability to manage technology is important for performance and participation in everyday activities. This study compares the management of technology in everyday activities among people with mild-stage dementia or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with older adults without known cognitive impairment (OA). Method: Persons with mild-stage dementia (n = 38), MCI (n = 33) and OA (n = 45) were observed and interviewed when managing their everyday technology at home by using the Management of Everyday Technology Assessment (META). A computer application of a Rasch measurement model was used to generate measures of participants' ability to manage technology. These measures were compared groupwise with ANCOVA. Results: The management of everyday technology was significantly more challenging for the samples with mild-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD) or MCI compared to the OA sample (AD - OA, p < 0.001; d = 1.87, MCI - OA, p < 0.001; d = 0.66). The sample with MCI demonstrated a significantly higher ability to manage technology than the sample with mild-stage AD (AD - MCI, p < 0.001; d = 1.23). However, there were overlaps between the groups and decreased ability appeared in all groups. Conclusion: Persons with cognitive impairment are likely to have decreased ability to manage everyday technology. Since their decreased ability can have disabling consequences, ability to manage technology is important to consider when assessing ability to perform everyday activities.
Departement: Gesundheit
Organisational Unit: Institute of Occupational Therapy (IER)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.3109/17483107.2010.496098
ISSN: 1748-3107
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/8403
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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