Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: I want to quit education : a longitudinal study of stress and optimism as predictors of school dropout intention
Authors: Eicher, Véronique
Staerklé, Christian
Clémence, Alain
DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.07.007
Published in: Journal of Adolescence
Volume(Issue): 37
Issue: 7
Pages: 1021
Pages to: 1030
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Elsevier
ISSN: 0140-1971
Language: English
Subjects: Dropout intention; Education; Stress; Optimism; Longitudinal
Subject (DDC): 371: Schools and their activities
Abstract: Prior research on school dropout has often focused on stable person- and institution-level variables. In this research, we investigate longitudinally perceived stress and optimism as predictors of dropout intentions over a period of four years, and distinguish between stable and temporary predictors of dropout intentions. Findings based on a nationally representative sample of 16-20 year-olds in Switzerland (N = 4312) show that both average levels of stress and optimism as well as annually varying levels of stress and optimism affect dropout intentions. Additionally, results show that optimism buffers the negative impact of annually varying stress (i.e., years with more stress than usual), but not of stable levels of stress (i.e., stress over four years). The implications of the results are discussed according to a dynamic and preventive approach of school dropout.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Social Work
Organisational Unit: Centre for Social Work Studies (ZLSA)
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Soziale Arbeit

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