Title: I want to quit education : a longitudinal study of stress and optimism as predictors of school dropout intention
Authors : Eicher, Véronique
Staerklé, Christian
Clémence, Alain
Published in : Journal of Adolescence
Volume(Issue) : 37
Issue : 7
Pages : 1021
Pages to: 1030
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Academic Press
Issue Date: 2014
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Dropout intention; Education; Stress; Optimism; Longitudinal
Subject (DDC) : 371: Schools and their activities
Abstract: Prior research on school dropout has often focused on stable person- and institution-level variables. In this research, we investigate longitudinally perceived stress and optimism as predictors of dropout intentions over a period of four years, and distinguish between stable and temporary predictors of dropout intentions. Findings based on a nationally representative sample of 16–20 year-olds in Switzerland (N = 4312) show that both average levels of stress and optimism as well as annually varying levels of stress and optimism affect dropout intentions. Additionally, results show that optimism buffers the negative impact of annually varying stress (i.e., years with more stress than usual), but not of stable levels of stress (i.e., stress over four years). The implications of the results are discussed according to a dynamic and preventive approach of school dropout.
Departement: Soziale Arbeit
Organisational Unit: Centre for Social Work Studies (ZLSA)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.07.007
ISSN: 0140-1971
1095-9254
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/8347
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Soziale Arbeit

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