Title: Gait deviations and compensations in pediatric patients with increased femoral torsion
Authors : Bruderer-Hofstetter, Marina
Fenner, Verena
Payne, Erika
Zdenek, Katja
Klima, Harry
Wegener, Regina
Published in : Journal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume(Issue) : 33
Issue : 2
Pages : 155
Pages to: 162
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Wiley
Issue Date: Feb-2015
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : German
Subject (DDC) : 616.7: Diseases of musculoskeletal system and orthopaedics
618.92: Pediatrics
Abstract: Coxa antetorta describes an abnormal torsion of the femur. It is commonly considered a cosmetic problem and is treated surgically only in severe cases and the presence of physical complaints. The purpose of this study was to identify deviations in gait kinematics and kinetics in pediatric patients caused by coxa antetorta and to categorize these deviations into primary and secondary deviations. We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional three-dimensional (3D) gait analysis study to detect gait deviations in adolescents (n = 18; age range 10.5-17.5 years) with coxa antetorta compared to age-matched healthy control subjects (n = 17). Principal component (PC) analysis was used for data reduction. Linear mixed models applied to PC-scores were used to estimate the main effects within retained PCs followed by a post-hoc subgroup analysis. Patients walked with smaller external foot progression angle, greater knee adduction, more internally rotated and flexed hips and greater anterior pelvic tilt. Subgroup analysis revealed that-depending on knee alignment-patients had higher knee and hip adduction moments. These deviations in joint kinematics and kinetics may be associated with physical complaints and accelerated development of osteoarthritis. Assessment of gait deviations related to coxa antetorta using 3D gait analysis may be an additional tool in individual clinical decision-making.
Departement: Gesundheit
Organisational Unit: Institute of Physiotherapy (IPT)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1002/jor.22746
ISSN: 1554-527X
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/7497
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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