|Title:||Alzheimer's disease-related overexpression of the cation-dependent mannose 6-phosphate receptor increases Aβ secretion : role for altered lysosomal hydrolase distribution in β-amyloidogenesis|
|Authors :||Mathews, Paul M.|
Guerra, Carolyn B.
Grbovic, Olivera M.
Kao, Benjamin H.
Schmidt, Stephen D.
Cataldo, Anne M.
Nixon, Ralph A.
|Published in :||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Peer review (Publication)|
|Subject (DDC) :||571: Physiology and related subjects |
|Abstract:||Prominent endosomal and lysosomal changes are an invariant feature of neurons in sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). These changes include increased levels of lysosomal hydrolases in early endosomes and increased expression of the cation-dependent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CD-MPR), which is partially localized to early endosomes. To determine whether AD-associated redistribution of lysosomal hydrolases resulting from changes in CD-MPR expression affects amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing, we stably transfected APP-overexpressing murine L cells with human CD-MPR. As controls for these cells, we also expressed CD-MPR trafficking mutants that either localize to the plasma membrane (CD-MPRpm) or to early endosomes (CD-MPRendo). Expression of CD-MPR resulted in a partial redistribution of a representative lysosomal hydrolase, cathepsin D, to early endosomal compartments. Turnover of APP and secretion of sAPPalpha and sAPPbeta were not altered by overexpression of any of the CD-MPR constructs. However, secretion of both human Abeta40 and Abeta42 into the growth media nearly tripled in CD-MPR- and CD-MPRendo-expressing cells when compared with parental or CD-MPRpm-expressing cells. Comparable increases were confirmed for endogenous mouse Abeta40 in L cells expressing these CD-MPR constructs but not overexpressing human APP. These data suggest that redistribution of lysosomal hydrolases to early endocytic compartments mediated by increased expression of the CD-MPR may represent a potentially pathogenic mechanism for accelerating Abeta generation in sporadic AD, where the mechanism of amyloidogenesis is unknown.|
|Departement:||Life Sciences und Facility Management|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology (ICBT)|
|Publication type:||Article in scientific Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.