Title: The motivational and instantaneous behavior effects of contexts : steps towards a theory of goal-directed behavior
Authors : Scheuthle, Hannah
Carabias-Hütter, Vicente
Kaiser, Florian G.
Published in : Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume(Issue) : 35
Issue : 10
Pages : 2076
Pages to: 2093
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Wiley
Issue Date: 2005
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Conservation; Behavioral assessment; Cross-cultural difference
Subject (DDC) : 155: Differential and developmental psychology
Abstract: Contextual conditions affect behavior in two ways: (a) They confront people with opportunities and obstacles that affect their motivation to take action, or (b) they instantaneously shape performance, regardless of a person's motivation, and even without subjective acknowledgment of the conditions. Traditionally in psychology, the immediate behavioral consequences of a context are disregarded. Based on our theory of goal-directed behavior, we are able to disentangle the instant and the motivational behavioral consequences of contexts. In an example study, 40% of the variation in performance among 660 Swiss and Spanish pupils was explained by motivational differences. Instantaneous constraints and facilitations imposed on people's acts, in turn, revealed a set of Switzerland and Spain-specific limitations and affordances (hit rate: 97.5%).
Departement: School of Engineering
Organisational Unit: Institute of Sustainable Development (INE)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2005.tb02210.x
ISSN: 1559-1816
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/6112
Appears in Collections:Publikationen School of Engineering

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