|Title:||The motivational and instantaneous behavior effects of contexts : steps towards a theory of goal-directed behavior|
|Authors :||Scheuthle, Hannah|
Kaiser, Florian G.
|Published in :||Journal of Applied Social Psychology|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||Wiley|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Peer review (Publication)|
|Subjects :||Conservation; Behavioral assessment; Cross-cultural difference|
|Subject (DDC) :||155: Differential and developmental psychology|
|Abstract:||Contextual conditions affect behavior in two ways: (a) They confront people with opportunities and obstacles that affect their motivation to take action, or (b) they instantaneously shape performance, regardless of a person's motivation, and even without subjective acknowledgment of the conditions. Traditionally in psychology, the immediate behavioral consequences of a context are disregarded. Based on our theory of goal-directed behavior, we are able to disentangle the instant and the motivational behavioral consequences of contexts. In an example study, 40% of the variation in performance among 660 Swiss and Spanish pupils was explained by motivational differences. Instantaneous constraints and facilitations imposed on people's acts, in turn, revealed a set of Switzerland and Spain-specific limitations and affordances (hit rate: 97.5%).|
|Departement:||School of Engineering|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Sustainable Development (INE)|
|Publication type:||Article in scientific Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen School of Engineering|
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