Title: Online monitoring of coffee roasting by proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry (PTR-ToF-MS) : towards a real-time process control for a consistent roast profile
Authors : Wieland, Flurin
Gloess, Alexia N.
Keller, Marco
Wetzel, Andreas
Schenker, Stefan
Yeretzian, Chahan
Published in : Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume(Issue) : 402
Issue : 8
Pages : 2531
Pages to: 2543
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Springer
Issue Date: Mar-2012
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Beverages; Foods; Gas sensors; Process analysis
Subject (DDC) : 663: Beverage technology
Abstract: A real-time automated process control tool for coffee roasting is presented to consistently and accurately achieve a targeted roast degree. It is based on the online monitoring of volatile organic compounds (VOC) in the off-gas of a drum roaster by proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry at a high time (1 Hz) and mass resolution (5,500 m/Δm at full width at half-maximum) and high sensitivity (better than parts per billion by volume). Forty-two roasting experiments were performed with the drum roaster being operated either on a low, medium or high hot-air inlet temperature (= energy input) and the coffee (Arabica from Antigua, Guatemala) being roasted to low, medium or dark roast degrees. A principal component analysis (PCA) discriminated, for each one of the three hot-air inlet temperatures, the roast degree with a resolution of better than ±1 Colorette. The 3D space of the three first principal components was defined based on 23 mass spectral profiles of VOCs and their roast degree at the end point of roasting. This provided a very detailed picture of the evolution of the roasting process and allowed establishment of a predictive model that projects the online-monitored VOC profile of the roaster off-gas in real time onto the PCA space defined by the calibration process and, ultimately, to control the coffee roasting process so as to achieve a target roast degree and a consistent roasting.
Departement: Life Sciences und Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology (ICBT)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1007/s00216-011-5401-9
ISSN: 1618-2650
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/5554
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.