Title: A tailored exercise program versus general exercise for a subgroup of patients with low back pain and movement control impairment : a randomised controlled trial with one-year follow-up
Authors : Saner-Bissig, Jeannette
Kool, Jan
Sieben, Judith M.
Luomajoki, Hannu
Bastiaenen, Carolien H. G.
de Bie, Rob A.
Published in : Manual Therapy
Volume(Issue) : 20
Issue : 5
Pages : 672
Pages to: 679
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Elsevier
Issue Date: 2015
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Randomised controlled trial; Movement control impairment; Exercise; Low back pain; Clinical trial; Disability
Subject (DDC) : 617.5: Orthopaedic surgery
Abstract: Background Exercise is an effective treatment for patients with sub-acute and chronic non-specific low back pain (NSLBP). Previous studies have shown that a subgroup of patients with NSLBP and movement control impairment (MCI) can be diagnosed with substantial reliability. However, which type of exercises are most beneficial to this subgroup is still unknown. Objectives The effectiveness of a specific exercise treatment to improve movement control was tested in this study. Methods Using a multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT), we compared exercises that targeted MCI (MC) with a general exercise (GE) treatment. After randomisation, patients in both groups n(MC = 52; GE = 54) were treated in eight private physiotherapy practices and five hospital outpatient physiotherapy centres. Follow-up measurements were taken at post-treatment, six months and 12 months. The primary outcome measurement was the Patient Specific Function Scale (PSFS). Results PSFS showed no difference between groups after treatment, or at six months and 12 months. Secondary outcome analysis for pain and disability, measured with the Graded Chronic Pain scale and the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire respectively, showed that a small improvement post-treatment levelled off over the long term. Both groups improved significantly (p < 0.001) over the course of one year. Conclusion This study found no additional benefit of specific exercises targeting MCI.
Departement: Gesundheit
Organisational Unit: Institute of Physiotherapy (IPT)
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1016/j.math.2015.02.005
ISSN: 1356-689X
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/4857
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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