|Title:||Intramolecular vibrational redistribution and unimolecular reaction : concepts and new results on the femtosecond dynamics and statistics in CHBrClF|
|Authors :||Beil, Andreas|
|Published in :||Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft für physikalische Chemie|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||Deutsche Bunsen Gesellschaft für Physikalische Chemie|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Not specified|
|Subjects :||Chemical Kinetics; Energy Transfer; Multi‐photon Processes; Photochemistry; Spectroscopy, Infrared|
|Subject (DDC) :||540: Chemistry|
|Abstract:||We present the conceptual background for intramolecular vibrational (rotational) redistribution (IVR) in polyatomic molecules and its analysis from high resolution spectra. We illustrate some of the basic concepts relating to the use of effective and real molecular hamiltonians for IVR with examples drawn from our previous spectroscopic investigations of the chiral molecule CHFClBr. The importance of the initial state for the dynamics is shown, demonstrating that simple intuitive concepts of survival probabilities for some arbitrary chromophore (“zero order bright”) state are insufficient for a quantitative understanding of IVR. An approximate (C3‐like) symmetry prevents relaxation towards quasi‐equilibrium in highly excited C1‐asymmetrical CHFClBr. The coherent infrared multiphoton excitation of CHFClBr at the CH‐stretching frequency leads to coherent vibrational states with a very wide energy distribution corresponding to short time oscillatory behaviour of the CH‐stretching motion with a period of 11–12 fs. On longer time scales between 50 and 500 fs substantial vibrational motion is found in the CH‐bending coordinates. For modest excitation energies both the initial vibrational angular momentum quantum number (l = 0) and a' symmetry of the wavepacket are well conserved for 1–2 ps. At higher excitations and longer times (2–4 ps) these approximate symmetries are lost. These results are briefly discussed in relation to a general classification of IVR mechanisms and in relation to reactive processes in CHFClBr.|
|Departement:||Life Sciences und Facility Management|
|Publication type:||Article in scientific Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management|
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