Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Carrier influence in anaerobic biofilm fluidized beds for treating vapour condensate from the sulphite cellulose process
Authors: Petrozzi, Sergio
Dunn, Irving J.
Heinzle, Elmar
Kut, Oemer M.
DOI: 10.1002/cjce.5450690218
Published in: The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume(Issue): 69
Issue: 2
Pages: 527
Pages to: 533
Issue Date: 1991
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Wiley
ISSN: 0008-4034
Language: English
Subjects: Biodegradation; Carrier; Biofilm; Anaerobic; Fluidized bed reactor; Cellulose vapour condensate
Subject (DDC): 572: Biochemistry
Abstract: The continuous anaerobic degradation of an acidic waste water from a cellulose process was investigated in six fluidized bed reactors. Various materials including limestone, porous glass, quartz sand, activated carbon and treated coal were used as support particles. The reactors were operated for several months with vapour condensate from a sulphite cellulose process as feed. The performance and stability of the reactors with respect to degradation rate were tested for a range of loading conditions. Unbuffered, buffered and pH-controlled conditions were compared. The results showed that the high-density, small-sized sand was the best carrier. Carrier porosity was not important, although surface roughness appeared to be important. No clear evidence of diffusional influence on the kinetics was observed. The highest rates and best stability was obtained with the sand carrier which had the thinnest biofilm; these rates were 21 kg COD/m3. d(unbuffered feed), or 25 kg COD/m3. d (buffered feed and pH-controlled system). The sand system was relatively stable with respect to pH changes. With pH control, loading could be increased until a maximum reaction rate, as determined by the saturation kinetics, was achieved.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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