Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.21256/zhaw-26689
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Fast hierarchical coordinated controller for distributed battery energy storage systems to mitigate voltage and frequency deviations
Authors: Mejia-Ruiz, Gabriel E.
Paternina, Mario R. Arrieta
Segundo Sevilla, Felix Rafael
Korba, Petr
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2022.119622
10.21256/zhaw-26689
Published in: Applied Energy
Volume(Issue): 323
Issue: 119622
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Elsevier
ISSN: 0306-2619
Language: English
Subjects: Coordinated control; Eigensystem realisation algorithm; Battery energy storage system; Hierarchical control; Distributed energy resources
Subject (DDC): 621.3: Electrical, communications, control engineering
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel hierarchical optimal control framework to support frequency and voltage in multi-area transmission systems, integrating battery energy storage systems (BESSs). The design is based on the coordinated active and reactive power injection from the BESSs over conventional synchronous generator-based control for fast and timely mitigation of voltage and frequency deviations. The principle of this new idea is to use two hierarchical schemes, one physical and one logical. The objective of the first scheme prioritises the power injection from the BESSs installed in the area where a contingency occurs, consequently reducing the disturbance of the dynamics in the neighbouring areas. In the second scheme, operational rules for aggregated BESSs in each are incorporated, increasing the safety of the asset. The proposed approach exploits the advantages of time-synchronised measurements, the eigensystem realisation algorithm (ERA) identification technique, the optimal linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) controllers and a new aggregating agent that coordinates the power injection of BESSs in a hierarchical and scalable scheme to precisely regulate frequency and voltage of modern transmission grids, increasing their reliability and stability. The feasibility and robustness of the proposal is demonstrated using simulated scenarios with significant load changes and three-phase, three-cycle faults on a modified Kundur-system with four interconnected areas, mitigating frequency and voltage contingencies in less than 450 ms.
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/26689
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: School of Engineering
Organisational Unit: Institute of Energy Systems and Fluid Engineering (IEFE)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Engineering



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