Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: The Bitcoin game : ethno-resonance as method
Authors: Kavanagh, Donncha
Miscione, Gianluca
Dylan-Ennis, Paul
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1177/1350508419828567
Published in: Organization
Volume(Issue): 26
Issue: 4
Page(s): 517
Pages to: 536
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Sage
ISSN: 1350-5084
Language: English
Subjects: Bitcoin; Cryptocurrency; Ethno-Resonance; Ethnomethodology; Games; Money; Ethnography
Subject (DDC): 305: Groups (age, origine, gender, income)
332: Financial economics
Abstract: The global financial crisis and the contemporaneous emergence of the digital currency Bitcoin invite us to think about money and how it often functions almost imperceptibly in society. In this article, we show that Bitcoin is a ‘new object of concern’ that also compels us to reimagine ethnography in a digital age. We present a method, which we term ethno-resonance, that is both a reaction to the conditions presented by the Bitcoin phenomenon and a way of maintaining critical distance from its cyberlibertarian politics. We explicate six aspects of the method, framed around answers to what, why, how, who, when and where questions. Applied to cryptocurrencies, the method leads us to depict Bitcoin as a game, and we analyse the game’s dynamics through mapping the interplay between four foundational myths that animate, complicate and sustain the game. More broadly, this contributes to our understanding of the nature of money and alternative currencies.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: School of Management and Law
Organisational Unit: Institute of Business Information Technology (IWI)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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Kavanagh, D., Miscione, G., & Dylan-Ennis, P. (2019). The Bitcoin game : ethno-resonance as method. Organization, 26(4), 517–536.
Kavanagh, D., Miscione, G. and Dylan-Ennis, P. (2019) ‘The Bitcoin game : ethno-resonance as method’, Organization, 26(4), pp. 517–536. Available at:
D. Kavanagh, G. Miscione, and P. Dylan-Ennis, “The Bitcoin game : ethno-resonance as method,” Organization, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 517–536, 2019, doi: 10.1177/1350508419828567.
KAVANAGH, Donncha, Gianluca MISCIONE und Paul DYLAN-ENNIS, 2019. The Bitcoin game : ethno-resonance as method. Organization [online]. 2019. Bd. 26, Nr. 4, S. 517–536. DOI 10.1177/1350508419828567. Verfügbar unter:
Kavanagh, Donncha, Gianluca Miscione, and Paul Dylan-Ennis. 2019. “The Bitcoin Game : Ethno-Resonance as Method.” Organization 26 (4): 517–36.
Kavanagh, Donncha, et al. “The Bitcoin Game : Ethno-Resonance as Method.” Organization, vol. 26, no. 4, 2019, pp. 517–36,

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