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Publikationstyp: Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
Art der Begutachtung: Peer review (Publikation)
Titel: Does diet map with mortality? : Ecological association of dietary patterns with chronic disease mortality and its spatial dependence in Switzerland
Autor/-in: Pestoni, Giulia
Karavasiloglou, Nena
Braun, Julia
Krieger, Jean-Philippe
Sych, Janice Marie
Bopp, Matthias
Faeh, David
Gruebner, Oliver
Rohrmann, Sabine
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1017/S0007114521001525
10.21256/zhaw-23842
Erschienen in: British Journal of Nutrition
Seite(n): 1
Seiten bis: 13
Erscheinungsdatum: 11-Mai-2021
Verlag / Hrsg. Institution: Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 0007-1145
1475-2662
Sprache: Englisch
Schlagwörter: 24-h dietary recalls; AHEI; Chronic disease mortality; Dietary patterns; Spatial analysis
Fachgebiet (DDC): 613.2: Diätetik
616: Innere Medizin und Krankheiten
Zusammenfassung: We investigated the associations between dietary patterns and chronic disease mortality in Switzerland using an ecological design and explored their spatial dependence, i.e. the tendency of near locations to present more similar and distant locations to present more different values than randomly expected. Data of the National Nutrition Survey menuCH (n 2057) were used to compute hypothesis- (Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI)) and data-driven dietary patterns. District-level standardised mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated using the Swiss Federal Statistical Office mortality data and linked to dietary data geographically. Quasipoisson regression models were fitted to investigate the associations between dietary patterns and chronic disease mortality; Moran's I statistics were used to explore spatial dependence. Compared with the first, the fifth AHEI quintile (highest diet quality) was associated with district-level SMR of 0·95 (95 % CI 0·93, 0·97) for CVD, 0·91 (95 % CI 0·88, 0·95) for ischaemic heart disease (IHD), 0·97 (95 % CI 0·95, 0·99) for stroke, 0·99 (95 % CI 0·98, 1·00) for all-cancer, 0·98 (95 % CI 0·96, 0·99) for colorectal cancer and 0·93 (95 % CI 0·89, 0·96) for diabetes. The Swiss traditional and Western-like patterns were associated with significantly higher district-level SMR for CVD, IHD, stroke and diabetes (ranging from 1·02 to 1·08) compared with the Prudent pattern. Significant global and local spatial dependence was identified, with similar results across hypothesis- and data-driven dietary patterns. Our study suggests that dietary patterns partly contribute to the explanation of geographic disparities in chronic disease mortality in Switzerland. Further analyses including spatial components in regression models would allow identifying regions where nutritional interventions are particularly needed.
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/23842
Volltext Version: Publizierte Version
Lizenz (gemäss Verlagsvertrag): CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International
Departement: Life Sciences und Facility Management
Organisationseinheit: Institut für Lebensmittel- und Getränkeinnovation (ILGI)
Publiziert im Rahmen des ZHAW-Projekts: Was isst die Schweiz?
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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