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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Analysis of pressure drop and blast pressure leakage of passive air blast safety valves : an experimental and numerical study
Authors: Brenner, Lorenz
Jenni, Christian
Guyer, Flurin
Stähli, Patrick
Eberlein, Robert
Huber, Matthias
Zahnd, André
Schneider, Martin Albert
Tillenkamp, Frank
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1016/j.jlp.2021.104706
Published in: Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Volume(Issue): 75
Page(s): 104706
Issue Date: 18-Dec-2021
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Elsevier
ISSN: 0950-4230
Language: English
Subjects: Passive air blast safety valve; Blast pressure leakage; Pressure drop; Optimization procedure; Numerical investigation; Experimental investigation
Subject (DDC): 620: Engineering
Abstract: The purpose of passive air blast safety valves is to protect people and technical installations in buildings or facilities. In case of explosions, e.g. due to technical failures in an oil- and gas refinery, the safety valve should close in milliseconds with the incident shock wave and substantially reduce the blast-pressure leakage into the building. On the other hand, the safety valve should exhibit a low pressure drop in normal operation in order to reduce the power consumption of the ventilators. One main difficulty in the design of such safety valves is to meet the minimum technical requirements, while ensuring the functionality in intrinsically different operating modes. Therefore, the present study proposes a target-oriented evaluation and optimization procedure for such devices, incorporating comprehensive numerical and experimental investigations. CFD, FEM and FSI analyses are regarded as an appropriate approach to predict valve performance parameters and to gain additional insights into the flow or structural behavior of the safety valve, which serves then as a basis for geometrical optimizations. The introduced procedure is exemplified on an existing passive air blast safety valve as a case study. The performance of the new design is significantly increased in ventilation operation, while meeting the performance criteria in the stress case when subjected to blast loads.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: School of Engineering
Organisational Unit: Institute of Energy Systems and Fluid Engineering (IEFE)
Institute of Mechanical Systems (IMES)
Published as part of the ZHAW project: Neuentwicklung eines Explosionsschutzventils
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Engineering

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